Background: Lipid peroxidation is thought to play a role in the evolution of liver damage, based on evidence in experimental models, However, evidence that lipid peroxidation occurs in patients with liver disease remains to be provided. We addressed the hypothesis by measuring levels of 8-epi Prostaglandin F-2 alpha a bioactive prostaglandin isomer produced by free radical catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid, in patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods: In 42 patients with hepatic cirrhosis 8-epi Prostaglandin F-2 alpha, factor VII activity, endotoxemia, carotenoids and alpha-tocopherol were measured. In 10 patients 8-epi Prostaglandin F-2 alpha was also measured before and 30 days after 300 mg b.i.d. vitamin E administration. Results: Cirrhotic patients had significantly higher 8-epi Prostaglandin F-2 alpha, excretion than controls [median (range): 199.2 (60.0-812) vs 85.9 (55.6-160.0) pg/mg creatinine, p<0.0001]. Patients with urinary 8-epi Prostaglandin F-2 alpha, above the range in controls were more likely to have moderate or severe than mild liver failure (p < 0.004), They also had lower factor VII activity (62 +/- 19 vs 74 +/- 15%, p < 0.02) than patients with normal levels of the isoprostane, Urinary excretion of 8-epi Prostaglandin F-2 alpha correlated directly with endotoxemia (Rho = 0.56, p < 0.0002) and inversely with factor VII (Rho = -0.39, p < 0.02). Cirrhotic patients given vitamin E showed a significant decrease of urinary 8-epi Prostaglandin F-2 alpha [median (range): 342.5 (170 - 812) vs 292.5 (142 - 562) pg/mg creatinine, p < 0.04]. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that lipid peroxidation is increased in vivo in patients with cirrhosis and suggests that oxidant stress might contribute to the deterioration of liver disease.
Enhanced lipid peroxidation in hepatic cirrhosis / D., Pratico; Iuliano, Luigi; Basili, Stefania; Ferro, Domenico; C., Camastra; C., Cordova; G. A., Fitzgerald; Violi, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE MEDICINE. - ISSN 1081-5589. - STAMPA. - 46:1(1998), pp. 51-57.
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|Titolo:||Enhanced lipid peroxidation in hepatic cirrhosis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Citazione:||Enhanced lipid peroxidation in hepatic cirrhosis / D., Pratico; Iuliano, Luigi; Basili, Stefania; Ferro, Domenico; C., Camastra; C., Cordova; G. A., Fitzgerald; Violi, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE MEDICINE. - ISSN 1081-5589. - STAMPA. - 46:1(1998), pp. 51-57.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|