BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy, safety, and predictability of excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy of high myopia and myopic astigmatism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 76 eyes of 52 patients with myopia from -8.00 to -23.50 diopters (D) with or without astigmatism up to -5.50D were treated with the VISX 20/20 excimer laser (VISK, Santa Clara, CA) and a multi-zone ablation technique. Visual acuity, manifest refraction, corneal haze, and topography were evaluated at 1 week and 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Postoperative refractions were generally stable after 12 months. At the last follow-up all patients were within -1.96 D of-the intended correction. Eighteen months postoperatively, 68% of patients undergoing photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), and 65% of patients undergoing photo astigmatic refractive keratectomy (PARK), were within I D of planned refraction. Furthermore, 87% of patients after PRK and 80% of patients after PARK had a visual acuity of 20/40 or better. CONCLUSIONS: High myopia with or without astigmatism was successfully treated in most of the patients using PRK. The stability of the postoperative refraction during the first 18 months seems to be good. The incidence of-adverse effects was low but improvements in the future should further reduce complications, thus increasing the safety of refractive procedures.
Excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy for high myopia and myopic astigmatism / BALACCO GABRIELI, Corrado; Pacella, Elena; Abdolrahimzadeh, S.; Regine, F.; Mollo, R.. - In: OPHTHALMIC SURGERY AND LASERS. - ISSN 1082-3069. - STAMPA. - 30:6(1999), pp. 442-448.