The southern and southeastern rim of the present caldera (La Fossa caldera) at Vulcano Island (Aeolian Islands, Italy) is crosscut by a network of fractures filled with calcite and minor chalcedony. Fluid inclusion studies indicate that both mineral phases were deposited from hydrothermal solutions. Several calcite samples were analyzed and their U, Sr, Nd, O and C isotopic composition was determined. U/Th geochronological data suggest two discrete depositional episodes: one at 50 ka (southern rim) and the other at 25 ka (southeastern rim). Oxygen isotopic compositions, Sr-87/Sr-86, and U-234/U-238 ratios exclude that seawater was involved significantly in the hydrothermal system, in agreement with fluid inclusion studies which did not document the presence of NaCl. The Nd and Sr isotopic composition of calcite reflects the composition of the host rocks. The oxygen isotopic composition excludes a post-depositional interaction with meteoric water and suggests a depositional temperature consistent with that obtained from the fluid inclusion study (160-170 degrees C), assuming equilibrium conditions and a fluid isotopic composition close to present-day steam emissions, The positive correlation between U content and C isotopic composition indicates a rapid change in CO2 pressure during calcite deposition. This observation is consistent with a rapid fluid ascent, likely connected to two phases of collapse of the La Fossa caldera. The ages of the calcites which fill the fractures at the La Fossa caldera indicate the activation time of the fracture systems which, in turn, are connected to the above mentioned phases of the caldera collapse.

Calcite in fractures in a volcanic environment (Vulcano island, Italy): Contribution of geochronological and isotopic studies to volcanotectonics / M., Voltaggio; M., Barbieri; M., Branca; Castorina, Francesca; A., Taddeucci; F., Tecce; P., Tuccimei; B., Turi; P., Vesica. - In: JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0377-0273. - STAMPA. - 75:3-4(1997), pp. 271-282. [10.1016/s0377-0273(96)00019-4]

Calcite in fractures in a volcanic environment (Vulcano island, Italy): Contribution of geochronological and isotopic studies to volcanotectonics

CASTORINA, Francesca;
1997

Abstract

The southern and southeastern rim of the present caldera (La Fossa caldera) at Vulcano Island (Aeolian Islands, Italy) is crosscut by a network of fractures filled with calcite and minor chalcedony. Fluid inclusion studies indicate that both mineral phases were deposited from hydrothermal solutions. Several calcite samples were analyzed and their U, Sr, Nd, O and C isotopic composition was determined. U/Th geochronological data suggest two discrete depositional episodes: one at 50 ka (southern rim) and the other at 25 ka (southeastern rim). Oxygen isotopic compositions, Sr-87/Sr-86, and U-234/U-238 ratios exclude that seawater was involved significantly in the hydrothermal system, in agreement with fluid inclusion studies which did not document the presence of NaCl. The Nd and Sr isotopic composition of calcite reflects the composition of the host rocks. The oxygen isotopic composition excludes a post-depositional interaction with meteoric water and suggests a depositional temperature consistent with that obtained from the fluid inclusion study (160-170 degrees C), assuming equilibrium conditions and a fluid isotopic composition close to present-day steam emissions, The positive correlation between U content and C isotopic composition indicates a rapid change in CO2 pressure during calcite deposition. This observation is consistent with a rapid fluid ascent, likely connected to two phases of collapse of the La Fossa caldera. The ages of the calcites which fill the fractures at the La Fossa caldera indicate the activation time of the fracture systems which, in turn, are connected to the above mentioned phases of the caldera collapse.
geochronology; vulcano island; volcanotectonics; isotopic composition; calcite
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Calcite in fractures in a volcanic environment (Vulcano island, Italy): Contribution of geochronological and isotopic studies to volcanotectonics / M., Voltaggio; M., Barbieri; M., Branca; Castorina, Francesca; A., Taddeucci; F., Tecce; P., Tuccimei; B., Turi; P., Vesica. - In: JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0377-0273. - STAMPA. - 75:3-4(1997), pp. 271-282. [10.1016/s0377-0273(96)00019-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/244416
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