This review identified 1275 studies examining cognitive deficits in people with schizophrenia, published between 1990 and 2003. Data from 113 studies (4365 patients and 3429 controls) were combined in a meta-analysis carried out on the five cognitive domains of IQ, memory, language, executive function, and attention. Studies were excluded where they lacked a suitable control group or failed to present complete information. In all five cognitive domains, analysis indicated a consistent trend for patients to perform more poorly than healthy controls, with significant heterogeneity across studies. Sources of heterogeneity were analyzed and a need to ensure more appropriate composition of patient and control groups and to adopt a more refined and methodologically correct, hypothesis-driven approach was identified.
A meta-analysis of cognitive deficits in adults with a diagnosis of schizophrenia / Fioravanti, Mario; Olimpia, Carlone; Barbara, Vitale; Cinti, MARIA ELENA; L., Claire. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGY REVIEW. - ISSN 1040-7308. - STAMPA. - 15:2(2005), pp. 73-95. [10.1007/s11065-005-6254-9]