OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyse the relationship between the ocular parameters, namely intraocular pressure (IOP), and the early forms of subclinical hypothyroidism. DESIGN: Fifty-three subjects (9 male and 44 female) aged from 18 to 45 years (mean 32 +/- 7 years) were selected for this study. Twenty-nine met the criteria of subclinical hypothyroidism and 24 euthyroid subjects, age- and sex-matched, were used as controls. METHODS: All individuals underwent a complete ocular examination, including visual field examination and serial measurement of IOP by means of a Goldmann tonometer. A tonographic examination was also performed. RESULTS: The hypothyroid patients showed a substantially higher pressure in both eyes compared with control subjects (right eye = 17.52 +/- 4.74 vs 13.42 +/- 1.95 mmHg, P < 0.0001; left eye = 17.55 +/- 3.99 vs 13.71 +/- 1.55 mmHg, P < 0.0001). Indeed, the tonometric pressure exceeded 18 mmHg in 11 out of the 29 (38%) patients in the right eye and in 8 out of 29 (27%) patients in the left eye. The outflow index was normal in all subjects except in two hypothyroid patients. After two months of L-thyroxine (L-T4) replacement therapy, only one patient continued to show tonometric values above 18 mmHg and the hypothyroid patients showed a significant reduction in mean IOP in both eyes compared with pre-treatment values (right eye = 14.96 +/- 1.32 mmHg, P < 0.0097; left eye = 15.03 +/- 1.38 mmHg, P < 0.0018). Treatment did not lead to any change in the outflow indices; however, the C value (outflow coefficient at the sclerocorneal corner) returned to normal in the two patients with increased pre-treatment tonographic values. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that the intraocular pressure is increased even in subclinical hypothyroid patients and that, at this early stage, the impairment is fully reversible with L-T4 therapy.
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|Titolo:||Reversible increase of intraocular pressure in young subclinical hypothyroid adults|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|