In 1996 the Italian Agency for Environmental Protection (ANPA) has initiated a study of the environmental impact of the industrial sector of steel produced by Electric Are Furnace (EAF). Within the framework of this study a hydrometallurgical process to treat EAF dusts was considered and developed. The paper describes the zinc and lead recovery from fumes coming from carbon steel production. The zinc extraction consists in acidic leaching followed by SX-EW steps. The leaching sludge containing lead sulfates was treated to obtain pure lead salt and inert solid residue. The whole process, that minimizes effluents by recycling the main liquid streams, has been developed to obtain marketable products. The solid waste, containing spinels, was subjected to elution tests in order to verify its compatibility with environmental regulation. The process, that has been set-up and tested in the laboratories of the University of Pome, will be transferred and studied on a pilot plant in order to assess its industrial and economical feasibility.
A Hydrometallurgical way to recover zinc and lead from EAF dusts / Lupi, Carla; Cavallini, Mauro; Ferone, A.; Milella, P. P.; Mussapi, R.; Pilone, Daniela. - STAMPA. - (1999), pp. 621-629. (Intervento presentato al convegno EPD CONGRESS 1999 tenutosi a San Diego nel FEB 28-MAR 04, 1999).