The thyroid hormone, 3,5,3'-Triiodo-L-thyronine (T3), is essential for growth, differentiation, and regulation of metabolic functions in multicellular organisms, although the specific mechanisms of this control are still unknown. In this study, treatment of a human pancreatic duct cell line (hPANC-1) with T3 blocks cell growth by an increase of cells in G(0)/G(1) cell cycle phase and enhances morphological and functional changes as indicated by the marked increase in the synthesis of insulin and the parallel decrease of the ductal differentiation marker cytokeratin19. Expression analysis of some of the genes regulating pancreatic beta-cell differentiation revealed a time-dependent increase in insulin and glut2 mRNA levels in response to T3. As last step of the acquisition of a beta-cell-like phenotype, we present evidence that thyroid hormones are able to increase the release of insulin into the culture medium. In conclusion, our results suggest, for the first time, that thyroid hormones induce cell cycle perturbations and play an important role in the process of transdifferentiation of a human pancreatic duct line (hPANC-1) into pancreatic-beta-cell-like cells. These findings have important implications in cell-therapy based treatment of diabetes and may provide important insights in the designing of novel therapeutic agents to restore normal glycemia in subjects with diabetes.

3,5,3'- Triiodo-L-thyronine enhances the differentiation of a human pancreatic duct cell line (hPANC-1)towards a beta-cell-like phenotype / Misiti, Silvia; Anastasi, E.; Sciacchitano, Salvatore; VERGA FALZACAPPA, Cecilia; Panacchia, L.; Bucci, B.; Khouri, D.; D'Acquarica, Ilaria; Brunetti, E.; Di Mario, U.; Toscano, V.; Perfetti, R.. - In: JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9541. - STAMPA. - 204:1(2005), pp. 286-296. [10.1002/jcp.20293]

3,5,3'- Triiodo-L-thyronine enhances the differentiation of a human pancreatic duct cell line (hPANC-1)towards a beta-cell-like phenotype

MISITI, Silvia;E. Anastasi;SCIACCHITANO, Salvatore;VERGA FALZACAPPA, CECILIA;L. Panacchia;D'ACQUARICA, Ilaria;
2005

Abstract

The thyroid hormone, 3,5,3'-Triiodo-L-thyronine (T3), is essential for growth, differentiation, and regulation of metabolic functions in multicellular organisms, although the specific mechanisms of this control are still unknown. In this study, treatment of a human pancreatic duct cell line (hPANC-1) with T3 blocks cell growth by an increase of cells in G(0)/G(1) cell cycle phase and enhances morphological and functional changes as indicated by the marked increase in the synthesis of insulin and the parallel decrease of the ductal differentiation marker cytokeratin19. Expression analysis of some of the genes regulating pancreatic beta-cell differentiation revealed a time-dependent increase in insulin and glut2 mRNA levels in response to T3. As last step of the acquisition of a beta-cell-like phenotype, we present evidence that thyroid hormones are able to increase the release of insulin into the culture medium. In conclusion, our results suggest, for the first time, that thyroid hormones induce cell cycle perturbations and play an important role in the process of transdifferentiation of a human pancreatic duct line (hPANC-1) into pancreatic-beta-cell-like cells. These findings have important implications in cell-therapy based treatment of diabetes and may provide important insights in the designing of novel therapeutic agents to restore normal glycemia in subjects with diabetes.
glucagon-like peptide-1; in-vitro; hyperthyroid patients; insulin-secretion; precursor cells; graves-disease; glucose; islets; rat; transcription
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
3,5,3'- Triiodo-L-thyronine enhances the differentiation of a human pancreatic duct cell line (hPANC-1)towards a beta-cell-like phenotype / Misiti, Silvia; Anastasi, E.; Sciacchitano, Salvatore; VERGA FALZACAPPA, Cecilia; Panacchia, L.; Bucci, B.; Khouri, D.; D'Acquarica, Ilaria; Brunetti, E.; Di Mario, U.; Toscano, V.; Perfetti, R.. - In: JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9541. - STAMPA. - 204:1(2005), pp. 286-296. [10.1002/jcp.20293]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/241500
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