Macrophages play a pivotal role in a host’s defence against pulmonary infections. Macrophage functions are impaired in immunosuppressed (IS) patients, regardless of whether they are HIV-positive (HIV+) or –negative (HIV). Several studies have indicated that urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and transforming growth factor b (TGF-b) are important factors in a host’s defence against pulmonary pathogens. We measured uPA and TGF-b activity in unstimulated peripheral blood monocytes (PBM) of both HIV-infected and non-infected IS patients with or without Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly carinii) pneumonia (PCP). As previously found in alveolar macrophages (AMs), the majority of uPA activity was found in cell lysates. The highest values of uPA activity were found in control subjects. All the patients displayed a decreased production of uPA, irrespective of HIV infection. Similarly, active TGF-b was higher in control subjects than in HIV+ and IS patients. The presence of P. jiroveci infection further lowered uPA and TGF-b activity. Decreased TGF-b activation might be a consequence of lower uPA production, which may, in turn, influence virus replication, since it has been demonstrated that TGF-b can suppress human HIV expression in monocytes/macrophages. Further studies are warranted to elucidate whether the decrease in uPA and TGF-b activity impairs a host’s defence against P. jiroveci infection.

Urokinase plasminogen activator and TGF-beta production in immunosuppressed patients with and without P. Jiroveci infection / Angelici, Elena; Spezzano, M; Vaccari, S; BENEDETTI VALENTINI, Sara; Romani, Roberto; Contini, Carlo; Canipari, Rita. - In: MICROBIAL PATHOGENESIS. - ISSN 0882-4010. - 41:(2006), pp. 1-9. [10.1016/j.micpath.2006.03.003]

Urokinase plasminogen activator and TGF-beta production in immunosuppressed patients with and without P. Jiroveci infection.

ANGELICI, Elena;BENEDETTI VALENTINI, SARA;ROMANI, Roberto;CONTINI, Carlo;CANIPARI, Rita
2006

Abstract

Macrophages play a pivotal role in a host’s defence against pulmonary infections. Macrophage functions are impaired in immunosuppressed (IS) patients, regardless of whether they are HIV-positive (HIV+) or –negative (HIV). Several studies have indicated that urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and transforming growth factor b (TGF-b) are important factors in a host’s defence against pulmonary pathogens. We measured uPA and TGF-b activity in unstimulated peripheral blood monocytes (PBM) of both HIV-infected and non-infected IS patients with or without Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly carinii) pneumonia (PCP). As previously found in alveolar macrophages (AMs), the majority of uPA activity was found in cell lysates. The highest values of uPA activity were found in control subjects. All the patients displayed a decreased production of uPA, irrespective of HIV infection. Similarly, active TGF-b was higher in control subjects than in HIV+ and IS patients. The presence of P. jiroveci infection further lowered uPA and TGF-b activity. Decreased TGF-b activation might be a consequence of lower uPA production, which may, in turn, influence virus replication, since it has been demonstrated that TGF-b can suppress human HIV expression in monocytes/macrophages. Further studies are warranted to elucidate whether the decrease in uPA and TGF-b activity impairs a host’s defence against P. jiroveci infection.
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Urokinase plasminogen activator and TGF-beta production in immunosuppressed patients with and without P. Jiroveci infection / Angelici, Elena; Spezzano, M; Vaccari, S; BENEDETTI VALENTINI, Sara; Romani, Roberto; Contini, Carlo; Canipari, Rita. - In: MICROBIAL PATHOGENESIS. - ISSN 0882-4010. - 41:(2006), pp. 1-9. [10.1016/j.micpath.2006.03.003]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/241113
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