The eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2) is pivotal for delivery of the initiator tRNA (tRNAi) to the ribosome. Here, we report the functional characterization of the archaeal homologue, a/eIF2. We have cloned the genes encoding the three subunits of a/eIF2 from the thermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus, and have assayed the activities of the purified recombinant proteins in vitro. We demonstrate that the trimeric factor reconstituted from the recombinant polypeptides has properties similar to those of its eukaryal homologue: It interacts with GTP and Met-tRNAi, and stimulates binding of the latter to the small ribosomal subunit. However, the archaeal protein differs in some functional aspects from its eukaryal counterpart. In contrast to eIF2, a/ eIF2 has similar affinities for GDP and GTP, and the β-subunit does not contribute to tRNAi binding. The detailed analysis of the complete trimer and of its isolated subunits is discussed in light of the evolutionary history of the eIF2-like proteins. © The Author 2005. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

The archaeal eIF2 homologue: Functional properties of an ancient translation initiation factor / N., Pedulla; D., Hasenoehrl; U., Blasi; Cammarano, Piero; Londei, Paola. - In: NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0305-1048. - 33:6(2005), pp. 1804-1812. [10.1093/nar/gki321]

The archaeal eIF2 homologue: Functional properties of an ancient translation initiation factor

R. Palermo;CAMMARANO, Piero;LONDEI, Paola
2005

Abstract

The eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2) is pivotal for delivery of the initiator tRNA (tRNAi) to the ribosome. Here, we report the functional characterization of the archaeal homologue, a/eIF2. We have cloned the genes encoding the three subunits of a/eIF2 from the thermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus, and have assayed the activities of the purified recombinant proteins in vitro. We demonstrate that the trimeric factor reconstituted from the recombinant polypeptides has properties similar to those of its eukaryal homologue: It interacts with GTP and Met-tRNAi, and stimulates binding of the latter to the small ribosomal subunit. However, the archaeal protein differs in some functional aspects from its eukaryal counterpart. In contrast to eIF2, a/ eIF2 has similar affinities for GDP and GTP, and the β-subunit does not contribute to tRNAi binding. The detailed analysis of the complete trimer and of its isolated subunits is discussed in light of the evolutionary history of the eIF2-like proteins. © The Author 2005. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/240487
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 23
  • Scopus 64
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 58
social impact