Risk factors of recurrent sinusitis involve upper respiratory infections, bacterial load of the adenoids, day care attendance and exposure to tobacco smoke as well as sinonasal abnormalities, including septal deviation, choanal atresia, polyps and hypoplasia of sinuses. Furthermore, several systemic disorders can facilitate the development of chronic sinusitis, such as allergic rhinitis, gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GER), cystic fibrosis, primary ciliary dyskinesia, and immunodeficiency diseases. A clinical practice guideline for the management of sinusitis is available only for the acute disease, but does not include for the management of the chronic form (i.e. chronic/recurrent sinusitis) and even less for the prevention strategies. As several studies indicate that the majority of children respond to sequential medical followed by surgical interventions, when needed, the best prevention of recurrence or chronicity is to properly treat acute sinusitis; in addition, children should be removed from larger and crowded day care whenever possible and should not be exposed to cigarette smoke. If allergic rhinitis co-exists, it can be managed with nasal steroids sprays and anti-histamines, although the long-term results are controversial. In case of chronic sinusitis, the strategy of prevention is to assess and to cure the associated conditions.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||Rhinosinusitis: prevention strategies|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|