The CDX1 homeobox gene encodes a transcription factor specifically expressed in normal intestinal and colonic epithelia, and CDX1 gene expression is affected during colorectal tumour progression. In this study, real-time quantitative RT-PCR was used to investigate CDX1 expression in 26 colorectal carcinomas. Reduced expression of CDX1 was observed in 19 of 26 colon carcinomas compared to matched normal colonic mucosa: the decrease in CDX1 expression ranged between 0.10 and 0.79 (21-90% decrease; mean 64.75% ±22; p = 0.001). Mutation and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analyses were then used to determine if reduced CDX1 expression was due to genetic alteration. No CDX1 gene mutations, but two known polymorphisms in exon 1, were observed. LOH was observed in 33% of the tumours investigated but this was not related to CDX1 expression. Since aberrant promoter methylation is a well-known mechanism that participates in gene silencing, the methylation status of the CDX1 5′ CpG island promoter was also investigated. PCR amplification of bisulphite-treated DNA followed by cloning was performed in 7 carcinomas that showed low expression of CDX1 and in 1 colonic carcinoma without reduced expression. Promoter hypermethylation occurred in carcinomas in which CDX1 reduced expression was present. These results suggest that CDX1 promoter hypermethylation is one of the molecular mechanisms that accounts for reduced CDX1 gene expression in colorectal carcinoma. Copyright © 2004 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

CDX1 expression is reduced in colorectal carcinoma and is associated with promoter hypermethylation / Pilozzi, Emanuela; M., Rapazzotti Onelli; Ziparo, Vincenzo; Mercantini, Paolo; Ruco, Luigi. - In: JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3417. - STAMPA. - 204:3(2004), pp. 289-295. [10.1002/path.1641]

CDX1 expression is reduced in colorectal carcinoma and is associated with promoter hypermethylation

PILOZZI, Emanuela;ZIPARO, Vincenzo;MERCANTINI, Paolo;RUCO, Luigi
2004

Abstract

The CDX1 homeobox gene encodes a transcription factor specifically expressed in normal intestinal and colonic epithelia, and CDX1 gene expression is affected during colorectal tumour progression. In this study, real-time quantitative RT-PCR was used to investigate CDX1 expression in 26 colorectal carcinomas. Reduced expression of CDX1 was observed in 19 of 26 colon carcinomas compared to matched normal colonic mucosa: the decrease in CDX1 expression ranged between 0.10 and 0.79 (21-90% decrease; mean 64.75% ±22; p = 0.001). Mutation and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analyses were then used to determine if reduced CDX1 expression was due to genetic alteration. No CDX1 gene mutations, but two known polymorphisms in exon 1, were observed. LOH was observed in 33% of the tumours investigated but this was not related to CDX1 expression. Since aberrant promoter methylation is a well-known mechanism that participates in gene silencing, the methylation status of the CDX1 5′ CpG island promoter was also investigated. PCR amplification of bisulphite-treated DNA followed by cloning was performed in 7 carcinomas that showed low expression of CDX1 and in 1 colonic carcinoma without reduced expression. Promoter hypermethylation occurred in carcinomas in which CDX1 reduced expression was present. These results suggest that CDX1 promoter hypermethylation is one of the molecular mechanisms that accounts for reduced CDX1 gene expression in colorectal carcinoma. Copyright © 2004 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
cdx1; colon cancer; gene expression; promoter methylation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
CDX1 expression is reduced in colorectal carcinoma and is associated with promoter hypermethylation / Pilozzi, Emanuela; M., Rapazzotti Onelli; Ziparo, Vincenzo; Mercantini, Paolo; Ruco, Luigi. - In: JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3417. - STAMPA. - 204:3(2004), pp. 289-295. [10.1002/path.1641]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/238791
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