The femoral hernia can be defined as infrequent, and predominantly found in females, with the highest incidence between 30 and 40 years of age. It shows a high tendency to strangulation, also up to 40% of cases, due to the presence of the Gimbernat ligament, which with its tense fibrous margins, aids strangling known as "raised crest". The diagnosis may not be easy, overall in the clinical presence of acute abdomen in elderly patients, disabled people or people who are uncooperative during physical examination. Therefore, it should be sought with an adequate bilateral exploration of the region in all occlused patients and especially with the use of radiological images of the small intestine. The solution currently practiced is prosthetic, proposed by Lichtenstein, and variously modified by Gilbert, Rutkow, Bendavid, and other which uses a prolene plug in the shape of a cigar, umbrella, or basket, according to the size and characteristics of the parietal defect. In emergency conditions, the technique doesn?t change; but if there is stercorary contamination, it is advisable to use direct repair according to the old method of Bassini. In the last 10 years, we have treated 37 femoral hernias in emergency, using direct repair in only 2 cases. In 3 cases we used PTFE; in the other 32 cases prolene was always used; 20 patients were operated under local anesthetic, 12 under general anesthetic and 5 under peridural anesthetic. Satisfactory results were achieved, with average hospital recovery time of 1.4 days, with an early recovery between 3 and 5 days, with only 2 relapses.

The femoral hernia: problems in emergency surgery / Stagnitti, Franco; Toccaceli, Stefano; Spaziani, Erasmo; Casciaro, Giovanni Enrico; Priore, F.; Gammardella, P.; Corelli, Sergio; De Pascalis, M.; Diana, M; Persico Stella, L.; Dandolo, R.. - In: IL GIORNALE DI CHIRURGIA. - ISSN 0391-9005. - STAMPA. - 27:6-7(2006), pp. 290-294.

The femoral hernia: problems in emergency surgery

STAGNITTI, Franco;TOCCACELI, Stefano;SPAZIANI, Erasmo;CASCIARO, Giovanni Enrico;CORELLI, SERGIO;
2006

Abstract

The femoral hernia can be defined as infrequent, and predominantly found in females, with the highest incidence between 30 and 40 years of age. It shows a high tendency to strangulation, also up to 40% of cases, due to the presence of the Gimbernat ligament, which with its tense fibrous margins, aids strangling known as "raised crest". The diagnosis may not be easy, overall in the clinical presence of acute abdomen in elderly patients, disabled people or people who are uncooperative during physical examination. Therefore, it should be sought with an adequate bilateral exploration of the region in all occlused patients and especially with the use of radiological images of the small intestine. The solution currently practiced is prosthetic, proposed by Lichtenstein, and variously modified by Gilbert, Rutkow, Bendavid, and other which uses a prolene plug in the shape of a cigar, umbrella, or basket, according to the size and characteristics of the parietal defect. In emergency conditions, the technique doesn?t change; but if there is stercorary contamination, it is advisable to use direct repair according to the old method of Bassini. In the last 10 years, we have treated 37 femoral hernias in emergency, using direct repair in only 2 cases. In 3 cases we used PTFE; in the other 32 cases prolene was always used; 20 patients were operated under local anesthetic, 12 under general anesthetic and 5 under peridural anesthetic. Satisfactory results were achieved, with average hospital recovery time of 1.4 days, with an early recovery between 3 and 5 days, with only 2 relapses.
Ernia crurale, Strozzamento, Plastica erniaria, Femoral hernia, Strangulation, Hernioplasty.
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The femoral hernia: problems in emergency surgery / Stagnitti, Franco; Toccaceli, Stefano; Spaziani, Erasmo; Casciaro, Giovanni Enrico; Priore, F.; Gammardella, P.; Corelli, Sergio; De Pascalis, M.; Diana, M; Persico Stella, L.; Dandolo, R.. - In: IL GIORNALE DI CHIRURGIA. - ISSN 0391-9005. - STAMPA. - 27:6-7(2006), pp. 290-294.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/237611
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