The paper describes the start up of a process for the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from activated sludge. The excess sludge from a wastewater treatment plant was inoculated in a lab-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) to be enriched under aerobic conditions through intermittent feeding with a mixture of organic acids. Enriching of activated sludge was monitored through the measurement of polymer concentrations either in the mixed liquor or in the microbial biomass. The bacterial population dynamics during the SBR start up was followed through denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and the main species present at the steady state were identified. All the measured parameters significantly changed in the SBR during first two weeks after the inoculum was seeded into the reactor, they then stabilized. At the steady state, the SBR produced 2.6 gVSSI -1 d -1, with a PHA content of 11% (on a COD basis). The enriched microbial biomass was then transferred into a batch reactor where the bacterial polymer content was increased through a new feeding. In the final batch stage, maximum storage rate and maximum polymer content in the biomass were 405 mgCOD gCOD -1 h -1 and 44% (on a COD basis), respectively. The PHA storage from the enriched microbial biomass was about 20 times faster and the PHA content was about 4 times higher than that of the inoculated activated sludge. Observations by fluorescence microscopy showed that the majority of microorganisms in the enriched biomass could be stared. Among the numerically most representative genera in the enriched biomass, Thauera, Candidatus Meganema perideroedes, and Flavobacterium were identified. © IWA Publishing 2006.

Enrichment of activated sludge in a sequencing batch reactor for polyhydroxyalkanoate production / Majone, Mauro; Beccari, Mario; S., Di Gregorio; Dionisi, Davide; G., Vallini. - In: WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0273-1223. - STAMPA. - 54:1(2006), pp. 119-128. [10.2166/wst.2006.379]

Enrichment of activated sludge in a sequencing batch reactor for polyhydroxyalkanoate production

MAJONE, Mauro;BECCARI, Mario;DIONISI, Davide;
2006

Abstract

The paper describes the start up of a process for the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from activated sludge. The excess sludge from a wastewater treatment plant was inoculated in a lab-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) to be enriched under aerobic conditions through intermittent feeding with a mixture of organic acids. Enriching of activated sludge was monitored through the measurement of polymer concentrations either in the mixed liquor or in the microbial biomass. The bacterial population dynamics during the SBR start up was followed through denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and the main species present at the steady state were identified. All the measured parameters significantly changed in the SBR during first two weeks after the inoculum was seeded into the reactor, they then stabilized. At the steady state, the SBR produced 2.6 gVSSI -1 d -1, with a PHA content of 11% (on a COD basis). The enriched microbial biomass was then transferred into a batch reactor where the bacterial polymer content was increased through a new feeding. In the final batch stage, maximum storage rate and maximum polymer content in the biomass were 405 mgCOD gCOD -1 h -1 and 44% (on a COD basis), respectively. The PHA storage from the enriched microbial biomass was about 20 times faster and the PHA content was about 4 times higher than that of the inoculated activated sludge. Observations by fluorescence microscopy showed that the majority of microorganisms in the enriched biomass could be stared. Among the numerically most representative genera in the enriched biomass, Thauera, Candidatus Meganema perideroedes, and Flavobacterium were identified. © IWA Publishing 2006.
2006
denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis; enrichment; polyhydroxyalkanoates; sequencing batch reactor; storage
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Enrichment of activated sludge in a sequencing batch reactor for polyhydroxyalkanoate production / Majone, Mauro; Beccari, Mario; S., Di Gregorio; Dionisi, Davide; G., Vallini. - In: WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0273-1223. - STAMPA. - 54:1(2006), pp. 119-128. [10.2166/wst.2006.379]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/237456
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