Objective NK surface markers and y/delta TCR antigen are involved in non-MHC-restricted cytotoxicity which represents a major effector mechanism of the cell-mediated immune response. We evaluated in PsA patients SF and PB lymphocytes expressing these cellular subsets in order to obtain information on the possible role played by them in the disease. Methods We studied 29 PsA and 27 RA patients, as well as 27 healthy controls. In 17 PsA and 16 RA patients with knee joint effusion, analysis of SF was performed. SF and PB lymphocyte analysis was performed by direct dual immunofluorescence flow cytometry using anti-CD3, anti-CD4, anti-CD8, anti-CD19, anti-TCR-gamma/delta-1 and anti-CD16 and anti-CD56 monoclonal antibodies. Results PsA and RA patients had, with respect to controls, lower values (both as percentages and in absolute numbers) of PB T cells expressing gamma/delta TCR. SF lymphocytes of PsA and RA patients were characterised, as compared to PB lymphocytes, by lower numbers (both in absolute numbers and in relative terms) of NK and NK-T cells. Considering the absolute numbers of the various lymphocyte subsets, a strong correlation was found in PsA SF between gamma/delta T cells and NK (p < 0.0007) or NK-T cells (p < 0.0003), as well as between NK and NK-T cells (p < 0.0019). There was instead no statistically significant correlation among the different SF or PB lymphocytes and the most relevant clinical or serological parameters. Conclusion This study analyzing the impairment of different subsets involved in non-MHC-restricted cytotoxicity, suggests that this component of the cell-mediated immune response seems to play a pivotal role in the development of PsA.
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|Titolo:||Natural killer cells and gamma/delta T cells in synovial fluid and in peripheral blood of patients with psoriatic arthritis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|