Abstract AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Few data are available on lung dysfunction in children with diabetes. We studied the association of pulmonary function variables (flows, volumes and alveolar capillary diffusion) with disease-related variables in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We studied 39 children with type 1 diabetes (mean age 10.9+/-2.6 years, disease duration 3.6+/-2.4 years, insulin.kg(-1).day(-1) 0.77+/-0.31) and 30 healthy control children (mean age 10.4+/-3.0 years). Pulmonary function tests included spirometry, N(2) wash-out and the single-breath diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DL(CO)) corrected for the alveolar volume (DL(CO)/V(A)). Glycaemic control was assessed on the basis of HbA(1)c, with HbA(1)c values of 8% or less considered to indicate good glycaemic control, and HbA(1)c values of 8% or more considered to indicate poor control.RESULTS: Children with poor glycaemic control had comparable percentage values for predicted flows and volumes but lower DL(CO)/V(A) values than children with good glycaemic control and healthy control children (86.7+/-12.6 vs 99.8+/-18.4 and 102.0+/-15.7; p<0.05). The predicted DL(CO)/V(A) percentages correlated with HbA(1)c levels (r=-0.39, p=0.013). A multiple regression analysis (stepwise model) controlling for HbA(1)c levels and other disease-related variables (age of disease onset, disease duration, daily insulin dose/kg, sex) identified HbA(1)c levels as the sole predictor of DL(CO)/V(A) in percent. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: In children with type 1 diabetes, the diffusing capacity diminishes early in childhood and is associated with poor metabolic control. Although low DL(CO)/V(A) levels in these children probably reflect pulmonary microangiopathy induced by type 1 diabetes, other factors presumably influencing CO diffusion capacity measurements (e.g. a left shift in HbA(1)c resulting in high O(2) binding and low CO binding) could explain the apparent capillary and alveolar basal membrane dysfunction.

Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide in children with type 1 diabetes / Villa, MARIA PIA; Montesano, M; Barreto, Mario; Pagani, J; Stegagno, Michele; Ronchetti, R.; Multari, Giuseppe. - In: DIABETOLOGIA. - ISSN 0012-186X. - STAMPA. - 47(11)(2004), pp. 1931-1935. [10.1007/s00125-004-1548-7]

Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide in children with type 1 diabetes

VILLA, MARIA PIA;BARRETO, Mario;STEGAGNO, MICHELE;MULTARI, Giuseppe
2004

Abstract

Abstract AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Few data are available on lung dysfunction in children with diabetes. We studied the association of pulmonary function variables (flows, volumes and alveolar capillary diffusion) with disease-related variables in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We studied 39 children with type 1 diabetes (mean age 10.9+/-2.6 years, disease duration 3.6+/-2.4 years, insulin.kg(-1).day(-1) 0.77+/-0.31) and 30 healthy control children (mean age 10.4+/-3.0 years). Pulmonary function tests included spirometry, N(2) wash-out and the single-breath diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DL(CO)) corrected for the alveolar volume (DL(CO)/V(A)). Glycaemic control was assessed on the basis of HbA(1)c, with HbA(1)c values of 8% or less considered to indicate good glycaemic control, and HbA(1)c values of 8% or more considered to indicate poor control.RESULTS: Children with poor glycaemic control had comparable percentage values for predicted flows and volumes but lower DL(CO)/V(A) values than children with good glycaemic control and healthy control children (86.7+/-12.6 vs 99.8+/-18.4 and 102.0+/-15.7; p<0.05). The predicted DL(CO)/V(A) percentages correlated with HbA(1)c levels (r=-0.39, p=0.013). A multiple regression analysis (stepwise model) controlling for HbA(1)c levels and other disease-related variables (age of disease onset, disease duration, daily insulin dose/kg, sex) identified HbA(1)c levels as the sole predictor of DL(CO)/V(A) in percent. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: In children with type 1 diabetes, the diffusing capacity diminishes early in childhood and is associated with poor metabolic control. Although low DL(CO)/V(A) levels in these children probably reflect pulmonary microangiopathy induced by type 1 diabetes, other factors presumably influencing CO diffusion capacity measurements (e.g. a left shift in HbA(1)c resulting in high O(2) binding and low CO binding) could explain the apparent capillary and alveolar basal membrane dysfunction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/236403
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