We studied the properties of GABAA receptors microtransplanted from the human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE)-associated brain regions to Xenopus oocytes. Cell membranes, isolated from surgically resected brain specimens of drug-resistant TLE patients, were injected into frog oocytes, which rapidly incorporated human GABAA receptors, and any associated proteins, into their surface membrane. The receptors originating from different epileptic brain regions had a similar run-down but an affinity for GABA that was approximately 60% lower for the subiculum receptors than for receptors issuing from the hippocampus proper or the temporal lobe neocortex. Moreover, GABA currents recorded in oocytes injected with membranes from the subiculum had a more depolarized reversal potential compared with the hippocampus proper or neocortex of the same patients. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis was performed of the GABAA receptor alpha1- to alpha5-, beta1- to beta3-, gamma2- to gamma3-, and delta-subunit mRNAs. The levels of expression of the alpha3-, alpha5-, and beta1- to beta3- subunit mRNAs are significantly higher, with the exception of gamma2-subunit whose expression is lower, in subiculum compared with neocortex specimens. Our results suggest that an abnormal GABA-receptor subunit transcription in the TLE subiculum leads to the expression of GABAA receptors with a relatively low affinity. This abnormal behavior of the subiculum GABAA receptors may contribute to epileptogenesis

Abnormal GABAA receptors from the human epileptic hippocampal subiculum micro-transplanted to Xenopus oocytes / Palma, Eleonora; G., Spinelli; G., Torchia; A., MARTINEZ TORRES; Ragozzino, Davide Antonio; R., Miledi; Eusebi, Fabrizio. - In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. - ISSN 0027-8424. - 102(7):(2005), pp. 2514-2518. [10.1073/pnas.0409687102]

Abnormal GABAA receptors from the human epileptic hippocampal subiculum micro-transplanted to Xenopus oocytes

PALMA, Eleonora;RAGOZZINO, Davide Antonio;EUSEBI, Fabrizio
2005

Abstract

We studied the properties of GABAA receptors microtransplanted from the human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE)-associated brain regions to Xenopus oocytes. Cell membranes, isolated from surgically resected brain specimens of drug-resistant TLE patients, were injected into frog oocytes, which rapidly incorporated human GABAA receptors, and any associated proteins, into their surface membrane. The receptors originating from different epileptic brain regions had a similar run-down but an affinity for GABA that was approximately 60% lower for the subiculum receptors than for receptors issuing from the hippocampus proper or the temporal lobe neocortex. Moreover, GABA currents recorded in oocytes injected with membranes from the subiculum had a more depolarized reversal potential compared with the hippocampus proper or neocortex of the same patients. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis was performed of the GABAA receptor alpha1- to alpha5-, beta1- to beta3-, gamma2- to gamma3-, and delta-subunit mRNAs. The levels of expression of the alpha3-, alpha5-, and beta1- to beta3- subunit mRNAs are significantly higher, with the exception of gamma2-subunit whose expression is lower, in subiculum compared with neocortex specimens. Our results suggest that an abnormal GABA-receptor subunit transcription in the TLE subiculum leads to the expression of GABAA receptors with a relatively low affinity. This abnormal behavior of the subiculum GABAA receptors may contribute to epileptogenesis
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Abnormal GABAA receptors from the human epileptic hippocampal subiculum micro-transplanted to Xenopus oocytes / Palma, Eleonora; G., Spinelli; G., Torchia; A., MARTINEZ TORRES; Ragozzino, Davide Antonio; R., Miledi; Eusebi, Fabrizio. - In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. - ISSN 0027-8424. - 102(7):(2005), pp. 2514-2518. [10.1073/pnas.0409687102]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/233937
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