OBJECTIVES We tested the hypothesis that CD40 ligand (CD40L) induces a prothrombotic state by enhancing oxidative stress. BACKGROUND Patients with hypercholesterolemia show an ongoing prothrombotic state, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. METHODS Circulating levels of the soluble form of CD40L (sCD40L), prothrombin fragment (F1+2, a marker of thrombin generation), and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG, a marker of oxidative stress) were measured in 40 patients with hypercholesterolemia and in 20 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects. RESULTS Patients with hypercholesterolemia showed significantly higher levels of sCD40L (p < 0.005), 8-OHdG (p < 0.005), and prothrombin F1+2 (P < 0.005), as compared with control subjects. Soluble CD40L significantly correlated with 8-OHdG (r = 0.85, p < 0.0001) and prothrombin F1+2 (r = 0.83, p < 0.0001); a significant correlation between 8-OHdG and prothrombin F1+2 was also observed (r = 0.64, p < 0.0001). An in vitro study demonstrated that CD40L-stimulated monocytes from patients with hypercholesterolemia expressed more tissue factor (TF) and prothrombin F1+2 than monocytes from controls; co-incubation of monocytes with either an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase or an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase significantly reduced CD40L-mediated clotting activation. A marked inhibition of CD40L-mediated dotting activation was also observed in two male patients with hereditary deficiency of gp91 phox, the central core of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase. Finally, we demonstrated that CD40L-mediated clotting activation was significantly inhibited by vitamin C, a known antioxidant. CONCLUSIONS This study indicates that in patients with hypercholesterolemia, CD40L over-expresses TF and increases the thrombin generation rate by an oxidative stress-mediated mechanism that requires the activation of (NADPH) oxidase. (C) 2005 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

CD40 ligand enhances monocyte tissue factor expression and thrombin generation via oxidative stress in patients with hypercholesterolemia / Valerio, Sanguigni; Ferro, Domenico; Pignatelli, Pasquale; DEL BEN, Maria; Tini, Nadia; Saliola, Mirella; Roberto, Sorge; Violi, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0735-1097. - 45:1(2005), pp. 35-42. [10.1016/j.jacc.2004.09.047]

CD40 ligand enhances monocyte tissue factor expression and thrombin generation via oxidative stress in patients with hypercholesterolemia

FERRO, Domenico;PIGNATELLI, Pasquale;DEL BEN, Maria;SALIOLA, Mirella;VIOLI, Francesco
2005

Abstract

OBJECTIVES We tested the hypothesis that CD40 ligand (CD40L) induces a prothrombotic state by enhancing oxidative stress. BACKGROUND Patients with hypercholesterolemia show an ongoing prothrombotic state, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. METHODS Circulating levels of the soluble form of CD40L (sCD40L), prothrombin fragment (F1+2, a marker of thrombin generation), and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG, a marker of oxidative stress) were measured in 40 patients with hypercholesterolemia and in 20 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects. RESULTS Patients with hypercholesterolemia showed significantly higher levels of sCD40L (p < 0.005), 8-OHdG (p < 0.005), and prothrombin F1+2 (P < 0.005), as compared with control subjects. Soluble CD40L significantly correlated with 8-OHdG (r = 0.85, p < 0.0001) and prothrombin F1+2 (r = 0.83, p < 0.0001); a significant correlation between 8-OHdG and prothrombin F1+2 was also observed (r = 0.64, p < 0.0001). An in vitro study demonstrated that CD40L-stimulated monocytes from patients with hypercholesterolemia expressed more tissue factor (TF) and prothrombin F1+2 than monocytes from controls; co-incubation of monocytes with either an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase or an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase significantly reduced CD40L-mediated clotting activation. A marked inhibition of CD40L-mediated dotting activation was also observed in two male patients with hereditary deficiency of gp91 phox, the central core of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase. Finally, we demonstrated that CD40L-mediated clotting activation was significantly inhibited by vitamin C, a known antioxidant. CONCLUSIONS This study indicates that in patients with hypercholesterolemia, CD40L over-expresses TF and increases the thrombin generation rate by an oxidative stress-mediated mechanism that requires the activation of (NADPH) oxidase. (C) 2005 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
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CD40 ligand enhances monocyte tissue factor expression and thrombin generation via oxidative stress in patients with hypercholesterolemia / Valerio, Sanguigni; Ferro, Domenico; Pignatelli, Pasquale; DEL BEN, Maria; Tini, Nadia; Saliola, Mirella; Roberto, Sorge; Violi, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0735-1097. - 45:1(2005), pp. 35-42. [10.1016/j.jacc.2004.09.047]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/232888
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