The aim of the present paper was to study the feasibility of using olive oil mill effluents (OMEs) as a substrate in biodegradable polymer production. OMEs were anaerobically fermented to obtain volatile fatty acids (VFAs), which are the most highly used substrate for polyhydroxyalkanotes (PHAs) production. The anaerobic fermentation step was studied both without pretreatment and with different pretreatments (i.e., centrifugation, bentonite addition, and bentonite addition followed by centrifugation) and at various concentrations (28.5, 36.7 and 70.4 g COD L-1). During fermentation, VFA concentration was determined (7-16g COD L-1) as well as the corresponding yield with respect to initial COD (22-44%). At all initial concentrations, centrifugation pretreatment (with or without previous addition of bentonite) significantly increased the final VFA concentration and yield, whereas the addition of bentonite alone had no influence. Moreover, centrifugation pretreatment led to a different acid distribution, which affected the hydroxyvalerate (HV) content within the obtained copolymer poly beta-(hydroxybutyrate-hydroxyvalerate) [P(HB-HV)]. OMEs were tested for PHA production by using a mixed culture from an aerobic SBR. Centrifuged OMEs, both with or without fermentation, were tested. PHAs were produced from both matrices, but with fermented OMEs PHA production was much higher, because of the higher VFA concentration. The initial specific rate of PHA production obtained with fermented OMEs was approximately 420mg COD gCOD(-1) h(-1) and the maximum HV content within the copolymer was about 11% (on a molar basis). The HV monomer was produced only until propionic acid remained present in the medium. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Olive oil mill effluents as a feedstock for production of biodegradable polymers|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|