PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of age-related maculopathy (ARM) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) lesions. Secondary outcome includes to examine 16 potential risk factors and their prevalence for attribution of risk for ARM and AMD in Montelparo, a small, rural and homogeneous population in central Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population aged 65 years old and over underwent a detailed interview about demographic notices and possible main risk factors for ARM and AMD. The following information were assessed as medical variables with bivariate analysis: demographic variables such as age and gender, dietary intake (meat, alcohol, fresh and cooked vegetables, fruit and fish), lifestyle factors (smoking, time of sunlight exposure, physical activity), medical history (cataract, hypertension, glaucoma, drug intake and body-mass index). Clinical examination included visual acuity measurement, anterior and posterior segment examination, fundus photography grading using The International Classification and Grading System. Any image was further classified according to the Clinical Age-Related Maculopathy Staging (CARMS) system. RESULTS: 210 patients (79%) of a farmer community participated the study. Prevalence of ARM resulted in 38.5%, drusen larger than 125 micron were found in 14.81%, AMD was 4.28%. The attributable risk estimate, reveal that age (p = 0.014), prior cataract surgery (p = 0.00) and hypertension history (p = 0.005), have the greatest impact on the prevalence of ARM in the community. A vegetable based diet, seems to prevent such effect (p = 0,007). CONCLUSIONS: This study show age as the only dominant invariable factor. Prior cataract surgery and hypertension seems to play an effective role in increasing the risk of maculopathy. Our results provides further evidence that a diet poor in alcohol, rich in vegetables and in polyunsaturated fat could reduce risk of AMD.

Montelparo study. risk factors for age-related macular degeneration in a little rural community in italy / C., Carresi; Cruciani, Filippo; F., Paolucci; T., Curto; L., Mazzeo; G., Cuozzo; Moramarco, Antonietta; Gharbiya, Magda. - In: LA CLINICA TERAPEUTICA. - ISSN 0009-9074. - ELETTRONICO. - 160:3(2009), pp. e43-51.

Montelparo study. risk factors for age-related macular degeneration in a little rural community in italy

CRUCIANI, Filippo;MORAMARCO, Antonietta;GHARBIYA, Magda
2009

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of age-related maculopathy (ARM) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) lesions. Secondary outcome includes to examine 16 potential risk factors and their prevalence for attribution of risk for ARM and AMD in Montelparo, a small, rural and homogeneous population in central Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population aged 65 years old and over underwent a detailed interview about demographic notices and possible main risk factors for ARM and AMD. The following information were assessed as medical variables with bivariate analysis: demographic variables such as age and gender, dietary intake (meat, alcohol, fresh and cooked vegetables, fruit and fish), lifestyle factors (smoking, time of sunlight exposure, physical activity), medical history (cataract, hypertension, glaucoma, drug intake and body-mass index). Clinical examination included visual acuity measurement, anterior and posterior segment examination, fundus photography grading using The International Classification and Grading System. Any image was further classified according to the Clinical Age-Related Maculopathy Staging (CARMS) system. RESULTS: 210 patients (79%) of a farmer community participated the study. Prevalence of ARM resulted in 38.5%, drusen larger than 125 micron were found in 14.81%, AMD was 4.28%. The attributable risk estimate, reveal that age (p = 0.014), prior cataract surgery (p = 0.00) and hypertension history (p = 0.005), have the greatest impact on the prevalence of ARM in the community. A vegetable based diet, seems to prevent such effect (p = 0,007). CONCLUSIONS: This study show age as the only dominant invariable factor. Prior cataract surgery and hypertension seems to play an effective role in increasing the risk of maculopathy. Our results provides further evidence that a diet poor in alcohol, rich in vegetables and in polyunsaturated fat could reduce risk of AMD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/230247
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