We have synthesized a series of 18 1,5- and 2,5-disubstituted carbamoyl tetrazoles, including LY2183240 (1) and LY2318912 (7), two compounds previously described as potent inhibitors of the cellular uptake of the endocannabinoid anandamide, and their regioisomers 2 and 8. We confirm that compound 1 is a potent inhibitor of both the cellular uptake and, like the other new compounds synthesized here, the enzymatic hydrolysis of anandamide. With the exception of 9, 12, 15, and the 2,5-regioisomer of LY2183240 2, the other compounds,were all found to be weakly active or inactive on anandamide uptake. Several compounds also inhibited the enzymatic hydrolysis of the other main endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoylglycerol, as well as its enzymatic release from sn-1-oleoyl-2-arachidonoyl-glycerol, at submicromolar concentrations. Four of the novel compounds, i.e. 3, 4, 17, and 18, inhibited anandamide hydrolysis potently (IC(50) = 2.1-5.4 nM) and selectively over all the other targets tested (IC(50) >= 10 mu M), thus representing new potentially useful tools for the inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase. (C) 2007 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Carbamoyl tetrazoles as inhibitors of endocannabinoid inactivation: A critical revisitation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|