Background: Studies conducted in healthy children showed that biomarkers of oxidative stress decreased with increasing age from 1 to 11 years. No data have been reported concerning the behavior of age-related oxidative stress in hypercholesterolemic children. Objective: Aim of this study was to test if children with hypercholesterolemia have prolonged exposure to enhanced oxidative stress and to study the underlying mechanism. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study comparing 8-hydroxy-2'deoxyguanosine, oxidized-LDL and myeloperoxidase plasma levels in 95 normocholesterolemic and 95 hypercholesterolemic children. Results: Compared to normocholesterolemic children, those with hypercholesterolemia had higher 8-hydroxy-2'deoxyguanosine, oxidized-LDL and myeloperoxidase plasma levels. A correlation analysis of the overall population showed that total cholesterol was directly correlated with 8-hydroxy-2'deoxyguanosine, oxidized-LDL and myeloperoxidase. Stepwise linear regression showed that only total cholesterol, 8-hydroxy-2'deoxyguanosine and myeloperoxidase levels predicted oxidized-LDL plasma levels. In normocholesterolemic children oxidized-LDL and myeloperoxidase plasma levels significantly decreased from first (1-5 years) to second (6-9 years) quartile of age. In hypercholesterolemic children 8-hydroxy-2'deoxyguanosine. oxidized-LDL and myeloperoxidase plasma levels did not show significant differences among quartiles of age. Conclusion: This study shows that an early and persistent oxidative stress is detected in hypercholesterolemic children and that myeloperoxidase up-regulation might play a role. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Myeloperoxidase overexpression in children with hypercholesterolemia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|