Recently, membrane charge density of lipid membranes, am, has been recognized as a universal parameter that controls the transfection efficiency of complexes made of binary cationic liposomes and DNA (binary lipoplexes). Three distinct regimes, most likely related to interactions between complexes and cells, have also been identified. The purpose of this work was to investigate the transfection efficiency behavior of multicomponent lipoplexes in the regime of optimal membrane charge density (1 < sigma(M) < 2 x 10(-2) e/angstrom(2)) and compare their performance with that of binary lipoplexes usually employed for gene delivery purposes. We found remarkable differences in transfection efficiency due to lipid composition, with maximum in efficiency being obtained when multicomponent lipoplexes were used to transfect NIH 3T3 cells. while binary lipoplexes were definitely less efficient. These findings suggested that multicomponent systems are especially promising lipoplex candidates. With the aim of providing new insights into the mechanism of transfection, we investigated the structural evolution of lipoplexes when interacting with anionic (cellular) lipids by means of synchrotron small-angle X-ray diffraction (SAXD), while the extent of DNA release upon interaction with anionic lipids was measured by electrophoresis on agarose gels. Interestingly, a clear trend was found that the transfection activity increased with the number of lipid components. These results highlight the compositional properties of carrier lipid/cellular lipid mixtures as decisive factors for transfection and suggest a strategy for the rational design of superior cationic lipid carriers.
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|Titolo:||Enhanced transfection efficiency of multicomponent lipoplexes in the regime of optimal membrane charge density|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|