BACKGROUND: There are few long-term mortality prediction studies after acute aortic dissection (AAD) Type A and none were performed using new models such as neural networks (NN) or support vector machines (SVM) which may show a higher discriminatory potency than standard multivariable models. METHODS: We used 32 risk factors identified by Literature search and previously assessed in short-term outcome investigations. Models were trained (50%) and validated (50%) on 2 random samples from a consecutive 235-patient cohort. NN were run only on patients with complete data for all included variables (N = 211); SVM on the overall group. Discrimination was assessed by receiver operating characteristic area under the curve (AUC) and Gini's coefficients along with classification performance. RESULTS: There were 84 deaths (36%) occurring at 564 +/- 48 days (95%CI from 470 to 658 days). Patients with complete variables had a slightly lower death rate (60 of 211, 28%). NN classified 44 of 60 (73%) dead patients and 147 of 151 (97%) long-term survivors using 5 covariates: immediate post-operative chronic renal failure, circulatory arrest time, the type of surgery on ascending aorta plus hemi-arch, extracorporeal circulation time and the presence of Marfan habitus. Global accuracies of training and validation NN were excellent with AUC respectively 0.871 and 0.870 but classification errors were high among patients who died. Training SVM, using a larger number of covariates, showed no false negative or false positive cases among 118 randomly selected patients (error = 0%, AUC 1.0) whereas validation SVM, among 117 patients, provided 5 false negative and 11 false positive cases (error = 22%, AUC 0.821, p < 0.01 versus NN results). An html file was produced to adopt and manipulate the selected parameters for practical predictive purposes. CONCLUSIONS: Both NN and SVM accurately selected a few operative and immediate post-operative factors and the Marfan habitus as long-term mortality predictors in AAD Type A. Although these factors were not new per se, their combination may be used in practice to index death risk post-operatively with good accuracy.
Long-term mortality prediction after operations fot type A ascending aortic dissection / Macrina, Francesco; Puddu, Paolo Emilio; Sciangula, A; Totaro, M; Trigilia, Fausto; Cassese, M; Toscano, Michele. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY. - ISSN 1749-8090. - STAMPA. - 5(2010), pp. 42-48.
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|Titolo:||Long-term mortality prediction after operations fot type A ascending aortic dissection|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Citazione:||Long-term mortality prediction after operations fot type A ascending aortic dissection / Macrina, Francesco; Puddu, Paolo Emilio; Sciangula, A; Totaro, M; Trigilia, Fausto; Cassese, M; Toscano, Michele. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY. - ISSN 1749-8090. - STAMPA. - 5(2010), pp. 42-48.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|