The ability of skeletal stem cells (SSCs) to direct spinal fusion (SF) upon transplantation in conjunction with osteoconductive biomaterials was investigated in a rabbit model. When tested in a mouse heterotopic transplantation assay, rabbit SSCs and Pro-Osteon 500R™ was osteoconductive and supported osteogenesis. When used in a SF model, the same constructs induced bone formation in periapophyseal regions (PARs). In this respect, they proved to be superior to grafts of cell-free carrier or total uncultured bone marrow-carrier constructs, used as controls. However, interapophyseal regions (IARs) remained devoid of new bone, such that true bony bridging of adjacent transverse apophyses (true SF) could not be achieved. Interestingly, this could not be predicted from high-resolution radiography. A systematic histological survey of the entire graft harvested at 6 months was essential for proper assessment of the transplantation procedure outcome. Immunohistochemical analysis of microvessel density revealed that IARs remained undervascularized, as compared to PARs, suggesting that differential vascularization could account for the absence or presence of new bone formation in the same regions. SF is an extreme model of stem cell-directed bone regeneration, requiring a combination of orthotopic (PAR) and heterotopic (IAR) bone formation. Our data show that, in this setting, graft size can be critical with respect to the necessary neovascularization, a crucial variable independent of proper osteogenic and osteoconductive competence of the cells and materials employed. Furthermore, stringent histological studies are mandatory for proper assessment of outcomes in SF studies, in which the use of mineralized materials can make radiographic assessment misleading. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Graft vascularization is a critical rate-limiting step in skeletal stem cell-mediated posterolateral spinal fusion / Giannicola, Giuseppe; Emiliano, Ferrari; Gennaro, Citro; Sacchetti, Benedetto; Corsi, Alessandro; Riminucci, Mara; Cinotti, Gianluca; Bianco, Paolo. - In: JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE. - ISSN 1932-6254. - 4:4(2010), pp. 273-283. [10.1002/term.238]

Graft vascularization is a critical rate-limiting step in skeletal stem cell-mediated posterolateral spinal fusion

Giuseppe Giannicola;SACCHETTI, Benedetto;CORSI, ALESSANDRO;RIMINUCCI, MARA;CINOTTI, Gianluca;BIANCO, Paolo
2010

Abstract

The ability of skeletal stem cells (SSCs) to direct spinal fusion (SF) upon transplantation in conjunction with osteoconductive biomaterials was investigated in a rabbit model. When tested in a mouse heterotopic transplantation assay, rabbit SSCs and Pro-Osteon 500R™ was osteoconductive and supported osteogenesis. When used in a SF model, the same constructs induced bone formation in periapophyseal regions (PARs). In this respect, they proved to be superior to grafts of cell-free carrier or total uncultured bone marrow-carrier constructs, used as controls. However, interapophyseal regions (IARs) remained devoid of new bone, such that true bony bridging of adjacent transverse apophyses (true SF) could not be achieved. Interestingly, this could not be predicted from high-resolution radiography. A systematic histological survey of the entire graft harvested at 6 months was essential for proper assessment of the transplantation procedure outcome. Immunohistochemical analysis of microvessel density revealed that IARs remained undervascularized, as compared to PARs, suggesting that differential vascularization could account for the absence or presence of new bone formation in the same regions. SF is an extreme model of stem cell-directed bone regeneration, requiring a combination of orthotopic (PAR) and heterotopic (IAR) bone formation. Our data show that, in this setting, graft size can be critical with respect to the necessary neovascularization, a crucial variable independent of proper osteogenic and osteoconductive competence of the cells and materials employed. Furthermore, stringent histological studies are mandatory for proper assessment of outcomes in SF studies, in which the use of mineralized materials can make radiographic assessment misleading. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
rabbit; vascularization; posterolateral spinal fusion; animal model; skeletal stem cells; histology
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Graft vascularization is a critical rate-limiting step in skeletal stem cell-mediated posterolateral spinal fusion / Giannicola, Giuseppe; Emiliano, Ferrari; Gennaro, Citro; Sacchetti, Benedetto; Corsi, Alessandro; Riminucci, Mara; Cinotti, Gianluca; Bianco, Paolo. - In: JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE. - ISSN 1932-6254. - 4:4(2010), pp. 273-283. [10.1002/term.238]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/225494
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