The Botanical Garden is a Museum where plant species are collected and cultivated either in greenhouses or in the open air to allow the conservation of their structural and functional characteristics and the reproductive capability they express in the place of origin. The problems regarding the conservation of biodiversity stress the didactic and scientific potential of the Botanical Gardens. The Global Taxonomy Iniziative (GTI) underlines the key role performed by Botanical Gardens as sources of scientific data aimed either at the propagation, cultivation and potential reintroduction of species in the endangered environments or at increasing the number of individuals of rare species populations so as to ensure a sustainable use of biodiversity. The management strategies of the Botanical Garden of Rome fall within this viewpoint. It occupies a small surface (around 12 ha), and, compared with others, it has a peculiarity since it is placed in the heart of the Eternal City, the richest of the world in history and archaeological preexistences. The Botanical Garden stretches along an archaeological area, Horti Getae, where the Baths, built by Septimius Severus and his son Geta, once stood. The plane area respects the Palazzo Corsini historical garden asset, enriched with trees, among them the palms collection, the succulents collection and the Hortus Simplicium. In the hill area, there are the gimnosperms collection, the bamboos, the evergreen wood and the Rose Garden, all of them with high ecological valence. The transformation we witness today in the way of life and in the social relationships, through a deeper attention to the quality of life, gives space to culture in its different forms and manifestations. Through an attentive and aimed management policy, the Botanical Gardens are entrusted with the task of spreading information on plant species, their environments of origin and the importance of their in situ and ex situ protection. The Botanical Garden of Rome, through the conservation of its collections allowed by the application of specific techniques and supported by the scientific research, would like to be a preferential way to spread information on plant biodiversity, species ecology and issues concerning the conservation of the genetic patrimony so that it is really part of the cultural circuit of a city.

Funzionalità didattica all'Orto Botanico di Roma

GRATANI, Loretta
2006

Abstract

The Botanical Garden is a Museum where plant species are collected and cultivated either in greenhouses or in the open air to allow the conservation of their structural and functional characteristics and the reproductive capability they express in the place of origin. The problems regarding the conservation of biodiversity stress the didactic and scientific potential of the Botanical Gardens. The Global Taxonomy Iniziative (GTI) underlines the key role performed by Botanical Gardens as sources of scientific data aimed either at the propagation, cultivation and potential reintroduction of species in the endangered environments or at increasing the number of individuals of rare species populations so as to ensure a sustainable use of biodiversity. The management strategies of the Botanical Garden of Rome fall within this viewpoint. It occupies a small surface (around 12 ha), and, compared with others, it has a peculiarity since it is placed in the heart of the Eternal City, the richest of the world in history and archaeological preexistences. The Botanical Garden stretches along an archaeological area, Horti Getae, where the Baths, built by Septimius Severus and his son Geta, once stood. The plane area respects the Palazzo Corsini historical garden asset, enriched with trees, among them the palms collection, the succulents collection and the Hortus Simplicium. In the hill area, there are the gimnosperms collection, the bamboos, the evergreen wood and the Rose Garden, all of them with high ecological valence. The transformation we witness today in the way of life and in the social relationships, through a deeper attention to the quality of life, gives space to culture in its different forms and manifestations. Through an attentive and aimed management policy, the Botanical Gardens are entrusted with the task of spreading information on plant species, their environments of origin and the importance of their in situ and ex situ protection. The Botanical Garden of Rome, through the conservation of its collections allowed by the application of specific techniques and supported by the scientific research, would like to be a preferential way to spread information on plant biodiversity, species ecology and issues concerning the conservation of the genetic patrimony so that it is really part of the cultural circuit of a city.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/214823
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