Objective: To compare Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance (MR) features and their diagnostic potential in the assessment of Synovial Chondromatosis (SC) of the Temporo-Mandibular Joint (TMJ). Materials and methods: Eight patients with symptoms and signs compatible with dysfunctional disorders of the TMJ underwent CT and MR scan. We considered the following parameters: soft tissue involvement (disk included), osteostructural alterations of the joints, loose bodies and intra-articular ?uid. These parameters were evaluated separately by two radiologists with a “double blinded method” and then, after agreement, de?nitive assessment of the parameters was given. CT and MR ?ndings were compared. Results: Histopathological results showed metaplastic synovia in all patients and therefore con?rmed diagnosis of SC. MR resulted better than CT in the evaluation of all parameters except the osteostructural alterations of the joints, estimated with more accuracy by CT scan. Conclusions: CT scan is excellent to de?ne bony surfaces of the articular joints and ?ogistic tissue but it fails in the detection of loose bodies when these are not yet calci?ed. MR scan therefore is the gold standard when SC is suspected since it can visualize loose bodies at early stage and also evaluate disk condition and eventual extra-articular tissues involvement. The use of T2-weighted images and contrast medium allows identifying intra-articular ?uid, estimating its entity and discriminating from sinovial tissue.
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|Titolo:||CT and MR findings in synovial chondromatosis of the temporo-mandibular joint: Our experience and review of literature.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Citazione:||CT and MR findings in synovial chondromatosis of the temporo-mandibular joint: Our experience and review of literature. / Testaverde, L; Perrone, A; Caporali, L; Ermini, A; Izzo, L; D'Angeli, I; Impara, L; Mazza, D; Izzo, P; Marini, Mario. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0720-048X. - 5(2009).|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|