Purpose. Several parameters have recently been proposed to assess mechanical dyssynchrony both in tissue Doppler / strain Doppler imaging (TDI/SRI) and radionuclide angioscintigraphy (RNA). It is unknown whether large differences exist between TDI and RNA to evaluate inter- and intra-ventricular dyssynchrony and whether the results are interchangeable. Methods. Thirty-four patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (NYHA class II or greater), left bundle branch block (QRS 120ms), and LV ejection fraction 35% were studied with triplane TDI echocardiography (Vivid 9 ultrasound system, GE, Horten, Norway) and RNA before and after biventricular pacing (BP). Intraventricular dyssynchrony was determined as the difference between the longest and shortest electromechanical coupling times in the basal septal, lateral, and posterior LV segments. Interventricular dyssynchrony was determined as the difference between electromechanical coupling times in the basal lateral RV segment and the most delayed LV segment. On line continuous LV volume changings were recorded using RNA and interventricular delay and basal-apical contraction were obtained. Results. At six months follow-up after BV implantation, patients functional status improved by one NYHA class or more and LVEF improved overall from 20.46.5% to 29.511.1%. Interventricular dyssynchrony by triplane TDI was reduced from 75.729 ms to 32.620.9 ms (p<0.005) and intraventricular dyssynchrony from 7924.7 ms to 28.312.8 ms (p<0.001). Interventricular dyssynchrony by RNA was reduced from 7728 ms to 13.725.3 ms (p<0.001) and apicobasal intraventricular dyssynchrony from 68.626.4 ms to 17.119.2 ms (p<0.001). Triplane TDI and RNA parameters had optimal predictive accuracy of the effects of BP on LV function and a larger area under the receiver operating characteristic curve than the QRS duration. Overall agreement between TDI and RNA was 89% (k= 0.67). Conclusions. Triplane TDI and RNA dyssynchrony measurements have an acceptable observer variability and values are largely comparable in pts with poor LV function and broad QRS.
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|Titolo:||Triplane tissue Doppler echocardiography and radionuclide angiocardiography in the assessment of ventricular asynchrony in patients with heart failure|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||04c Atto di convegno in rivista|