Published: 15 march 2004 - The SEA Radioactive Waste Gamma Analyser (SRWGA) is the gamma assay system of the ENEA Laboratory for L/ILW Waste Characterization, which started operating in 1996 as a simple gamma scanner and has been under a continuous improvement process to become a multi-technique system. The SRWGA is designed for the assay of radioactive wastes drums containing gamma emitting nuclides. The system operates with an XtRa (extended range) Ge coaxial detector. This is liquid nitrogen cooled, and shielded by means of a lead cylinder with two collimation windows; one transmission source is provided. The system allows the application of four different measuring techniques, each one with its peculiar field of application, depending on waste characteristics or measuring time: Open Geometry, Segmented Gamma Scanning (with multi-energy transmission correction), Angular Scanning and, recently, Low Resolution Emission and Transmission Tomography, as the SRWGA is now endowed with new mechanical motion systems for tomographic capabilities. Tomographic reconstructions are obtained by means of a backprojection filtered by convolution methods (for transmission tomography) and Best Likelyhood Maximisation (for emission tomography). The information obtained with transmission and emission tomography allows the localization of matrix dishomogeneities and hot spots, carrying out a strong reduction of total activity uncertainties. This work presents the experimental results obtained using certified gamma sources located in known matrices.
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|Titolo:||LL/IL waste characterization by the ENEA multi-technique gamma system SRWGA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||04b Atto di convegno in volume|