Objectives: To describe fetal and uterine hemodynamics in IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction) fetuses with hypercoiled umbilical cord. Methods: 102 pregnant woman with IUGR fetuses were enrolled in the study. In these cases hemodynamic indices and Doppler waveform profiles were evaluated. Results: In 7 of the enrolled cases of IUGR we found an anomalous umbilical coiling. They showed normal impedance to flow in utero-placental district and abnormal venous umbilical cord pulsatility with flow velocity higher than the umbilical artery. The ductus venosus showed a reduction of the forward flow and/or a reverse flow during atrial contractions. Two of these 7 patients had early onset IUGR and a particular deteriorating hemodynamic profile with “brain sparing”, severe reverse flow in the ductus venosus, increased reverse flow in the inferior vena cava during atrial contraction and absent flow during the diastole in the umbilical arteries. Five patients had late onset of IUGR and three of these did not demonstrate these worsening hemodynamic alterations until term. Conclusions: In patients with fetal IUGR and hypercoiling without signs of placental insufficiency we observed an “atypical” feto-maternal hemodynamic pattern. These IUGR fetuses with hypercoiling and fetal venous system hemodynamic alteration can be at high hypoxic risk.

Atypical hemodynamic pattern in fetuses with hypercoiled umbilical cord and growth restriction / Clerici, G; Antonelli, C; Rizzo, G; Kanninen, Tt; Di Renzo, Gc. - In: THE JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1476-7058. - 7:nov(2012), pp. 1-22. [10.3109/14767058.2012.741153]

Atypical hemodynamic pattern in fetuses with hypercoiled umbilical cord and growth restriction

Rizzo G;
2012

Abstract

Objectives: To describe fetal and uterine hemodynamics in IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction) fetuses with hypercoiled umbilical cord. Methods: 102 pregnant woman with IUGR fetuses were enrolled in the study. In these cases hemodynamic indices and Doppler waveform profiles were evaluated. Results: In 7 of the enrolled cases of IUGR we found an anomalous umbilical coiling. They showed normal impedance to flow in utero-placental district and abnormal venous umbilical cord pulsatility with flow velocity higher than the umbilical artery. The ductus venosus showed a reduction of the forward flow and/or a reverse flow during atrial contractions. Two of these 7 patients had early onset IUGR and a particular deteriorating hemodynamic profile with “brain sparing”, severe reverse flow in the ductus venosus, increased reverse flow in the inferior vena cava during atrial contraction and absent flow during the diastole in the umbilical arteries. Five patients had late onset of IUGR and three of these did not demonstrate these worsening hemodynamic alterations until term. Conclusions: In patients with fetal IUGR and hypercoiling without signs of placental insufficiency we observed an “atypical” feto-maternal hemodynamic pattern. These IUGR fetuses with hypercoiling and fetal venous system hemodynamic alteration can be at high hypoxic risk.
2012
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Atypical hemodynamic pattern in fetuses with hypercoiled umbilical cord and growth restriction / Clerici, G; Antonelli, C; Rizzo, G; Kanninen, Tt; Di Renzo, Gc. - In: THE JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1476-7058. - 7:nov(2012), pp. 1-22. [10.3109/14767058.2012.741153]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1712492
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