Global change affects mountain areas at different levels, with some mountains being more exposed to change in climate or environmental conditions and others acting as local refugia. We quantified the exposure of the world’s mountains to three drivers of change, climate, land use, and human population density, using two spatial-temporal metrics (velocity and magnitude of change). We estimated the acceleration of change for these drivers by comparing past (1975–2005) vs. future (2020–2050) exposure, and we also compared exposure in lowlands vs. mountains. We found Africa’s tropical mountains facing the highest future exposure to multiple drivers of change, thus requiring targeted adaptation and mitigation strategies to preserve biodiversity. European and North America’s mountains, in contrast, experience more limited exposure to global change and could act as local refugia for biodiversity. This knowledge can be used to prioritize local-scale interventions and planning long-term monitoring to reduce the risks faced by mountain biodiversity.

The exposure of the world’s mountains to global change drivers / Dragonetti, Chiara; Daskalova, Gergana; Di Marco, Moreno. - In: ISCIENCE. - ISSN 2589-0042. - 27:5(2024). [10.1016/j.isci.2024.109734]

The exposure of the world’s mountains to global change drivers

Dragonetti, Chiara
Primo
;
Di Marco, Moreno
2024

Abstract

Global change affects mountain areas at different levels, with some mountains being more exposed to change in climate or environmental conditions and others acting as local refugia. We quantified the exposure of the world’s mountains to three drivers of change, climate, land use, and human population density, using two spatial-temporal metrics (velocity and magnitude of change). We estimated the acceleration of change for these drivers by comparing past (1975–2005) vs. future (2020–2050) exposure, and we also compared exposure in lowlands vs. mountains. We found Africa’s tropical mountains facing the highest future exposure to multiple drivers of change, thus requiring targeted adaptation and mitigation strategies to preserve biodiversity. European and North America’s mountains, in contrast, experience more limited exposure to global change and could act as local refugia for biodiversity. This knowledge can be used to prioritize local-scale interventions and planning long-term monitoring to reduce the risks faced by mountain biodiversity.
2024
global change; exposure; mountains
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The exposure of the world’s mountains to global change drivers / Dragonetti, Chiara; Daskalova, Gergana; Di Marco, Moreno. - In: ISCIENCE. - ISSN 2589-0042. - 27:5(2024). [10.1016/j.isci.2024.109734]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1711746
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