Background: in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), radial access should be favoured over femoral access as it reduces the risk of vascular complications and bleeding. Furthermore, a preventive role of radial access in the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI), mainly mediated by the reduction of bleeding and cholesterol crystal embolization into renal circulation, has been investigated in several studies, yielding conflicting results. Methods: we designed a retrospective study to appraise the effect of the use of a vascular access site on the occurrence of AKI in a cohort of 633 patients with acute myocardial infarction treated by PCI at our centre from 2018 to 2020. Results: after propensity score adjustment, radial access was associated with a reduced, albeit statistically not significant, incidence of AKI (14.7% vs. 21.0%; p = 0.06) and major bleeding (12.5% vs. 18.7%; p = 0.04) as compared to femoral access. At multivariate analysis, femoral access was an independent predictor of AKI, together with in-hospital occurrence of BARC 3-5 bleeding, Killip class >1 at presentation, female gender, baseline eGFR <60 mL/min, and baseline haemoglobin <12 g/dL. Conclusions: although limited by the observational design, our study supports the hypothesis that radial access may exert a protective role on the occurrence of AKI in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing PCI.

Acute Kidney Injury in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The Role of Vascular Access Site / Rigattieri, Stefano; Cristiano, Ernesto; Tempestini, Federica; Pittorino, Luca; Cesario, Vincenzo; Casenghi, Matteo; Giovannelli, Francesca; Tommasino, Antonella; Barbato, Emanuele; Berni, Andrea. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 13:8(2024). [10.3390/jcm13082367]

Acute Kidney Injury in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The Role of Vascular Access Site

Rigattieri, Stefano;Cristiano, Ernesto;Tempestini, Federica;Pittorino, Luca;Cesario, Vincenzo;Casenghi, Matteo;Giovannelli, Francesca;Barbato, Emanuele;Berni, Andrea
2024

Abstract

Background: in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), radial access should be favoured over femoral access as it reduces the risk of vascular complications and bleeding. Furthermore, a preventive role of radial access in the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI), mainly mediated by the reduction of bleeding and cholesterol crystal embolization into renal circulation, has been investigated in several studies, yielding conflicting results. Methods: we designed a retrospective study to appraise the effect of the use of a vascular access site on the occurrence of AKI in a cohort of 633 patients with acute myocardial infarction treated by PCI at our centre from 2018 to 2020. Results: after propensity score adjustment, radial access was associated with a reduced, albeit statistically not significant, incidence of AKI (14.7% vs. 21.0%; p = 0.06) and major bleeding (12.5% vs. 18.7%; p = 0.04) as compared to femoral access. At multivariate analysis, femoral access was an independent predictor of AKI, together with in-hospital occurrence of BARC 3-5 bleeding, Killip class >1 at presentation, female gender, baseline eGFR <60 mL/min, and baseline haemoglobin <12 g/dL. Conclusions: although limited by the observational design, our study supports the hypothesis that radial access may exert a protective role on the occurrence of AKI in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing PCI.
2024
NSTEMI; STEMI; multivessel disease
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Acute Kidney Injury in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The Role of Vascular Access Site / Rigattieri, Stefano; Cristiano, Ernesto; Tempestini, Federica; Pittorino, Luca; Cesario, Vincenzo; Casenghi, Matteo; Giovannelli, Francesca; Tommasino, Antonella; Barbato, Emanuele; Berni, Andrea. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 13:8(2024). [10.3390/jcm13082367]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1711732
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