Introduction Delayed discharge represents the difficulty in proceeding with discharge of patients who do not have any further benefit from prolonged stay. A quota of this problem is related to organizational issues. In the Lazio region in Italy, a macro service re-organization in on the way, with a network of hospital and territorial centers engaged in structuring in- and out- of hospital patient pathways, with a special focus on intermediate care structures. Purpose of this study is to quantify the burden of delayed discharge on a single hospital structure, in order to estimate costs and occurrence of potential resource misplacement.Material and methods Observational Retrospective study conducted at the Santo Spirito Hospital in Rome, Italy. Observation period ranged from 1/09/2022, when the local database was instituted, to 1/03/2023 (6 months). Data from admissions records was anonymously collected. Data linkage with administrative local hospital database was performed in order to identify the date a discharge request was fired for each admission. Surgical discharges and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) discharges were excluded from this study. A Poisson hierarchical regression model was employed to investigate for the role of ward, Severity of Disease (SoD) and Risk of Mortality (RoM) on elongation of discharge time.Results 1222 medical ward admissions were recorded in the timeframe. 16% of them were considered as subject to potentially elongated stay, and a mean Delay in discharge of 6.3 days (SD 7.9) was observed.Discussion and conclusions Delayed discharge may cause a "bottleneck" in admissions and result in overcrowded Emergency Department, overall poor performance, and increase in overall costs. A consisted proportion of available beds can get inappropriately occupied, and this inflates both direct and indirect costs. Clinical conditions on admission are not a good predictor of delay in discharge, and the root causes of this phenomenon likely lie in organizational issues (on structure\system level) and social issues (on patient's level).

Burden of delayed discharge on acute hospital medical wards. A retrospective ecological study in Rome, Italy / Vinci, Antonio; Furia, Giuseppe; Cammalleri, Vittoria; Colamesta, Vittoria; Chierchini, Patrizia; Corrado, Ornella; Mammarella, Assunta; Ingravalle, Fabio; Bardhi, Dorian; Malerba, Rosa Maria; Carnevale, Edoardo; Gentili, Susanna; Damiani, Gianfranco; De Vito, Corrado; Maurici, Massimo. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 19:1(2024), pp. 1-18. [10.1371/journal.pone.0294785]

Burden of delayed discharge on acute hospital medical wards. A retrospective ecological study in Rome, Italy

Furia, Giuseppe;Cammalleri, Vittoria;Colamesta, Vittoria;Chierchini, Patrizia;Damiani, Gianfranco;De Vito, Corrado;
2024

Abstract

Introduction Delayed discharge represents the difficulty in proceeding with discharge of patients who do not have any further benefit from prolonged stay. A quota of this problem is related to organizational issues. In the Lazio region in Italy, a macro service re-organization in on the way, with a network of hospital and territorial centers engaged in structuring in- and out- of hospital patient pathways, with a special focus on intermediate care structures. Purpose of this study is to quantify the burden of delayed discharge on a single hospital structure, in order to estimate costs and occurrence of potential resource misplacement.Material and methods Observational Retrospective study conducted at the Santo Spirito Hospital in Rome, Italy. Observation period ranged from 1/09/2022, when the local database was instituted, to 1/03/2023 (6 months). Data from admissions records was anonymously collected. Data linkage with administrative local hospital database was performed in order to identify the date a discharge request was fired for each admission. Surgical discharges and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) discharges were excluded from this study. A Poisson hierarchical regression model was employed to investigate for the role of ward, Severity of Disease (SoD) and Risk of Mortality (RoM) on elongation of discharge time.Results 1222 medical ward admissions were recorded in the timeframe. 16% of them were considered as subject to potentially elongated stay, and a mean Delay in discharge of 6.3 days (SD 7.9) was observed.Discussion and conclusions Delayed discharge may cause a "bottleneck" in admissions and result in overcrowded Emergency Department, overall poor performance, and increase in overall costs. A consisted proportion of available beds can get inappropriately occupied, and this inflates both direct and indirect costs. Clinical conditions on admission are not a good predictor of delay in discharge, and the root causes of this phenomenon likely lie in organizational issues (on structure\system level) and social issues (on patient's level).
2024
bed blockers, hospital, italy
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Burden of delayed discharge on acute hospital medical wards. A retrospective ecological study in Rome, Italy / Vinci, Antonio; Furia, Giuseppe; Cammalleri, Vittoria; Colamesta, Vittoria; Chierchini, Patrizia; Corrado, Ornella; Mammarella, Assunta; Ingravalle, Fabio; Bardhi, Dorian; Malerba, Rosa Maria; Carnevale, Edoardo; Gentili, Susanna; Damiani, Gianfranco; De Vito, Corrado; Maurici, Massimo. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 19:1(2024), pp. 1-18. [10.1371/journal.pone.0294785]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1711085
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