The persistent presence of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soils and sediments due to their chemical properties requires new methods to mobilize and make them more available for remediation purposes. In this work, the evaluation of the abilities of eight different non-ionic sugar-based and totally biodegradable surfactants, such as synthetic alkyl polyglycosides (APGs), biological sophorolipids (SLs) and biological rhamnolipids (RLs), was conducted in order to provide a preliminary guideline for the selection of the surfactant and the technical approach for PAHs extraction from the sediment. The reference sample was a marine sediment collected from Bagnoli (Naples, Italy) that was characterized to evaluate the level of PAHs contamination, which resulted equal to 3.51 g Kg−1 of total PAHs. By using surfactants solutions with a surfactant concentration five times greater than critical micelle concentration (Cs = 5x CMC), a preliminary washing test in batch configuration was conducted, then followed by multiple consecutive washes (MCW) of the sediment to assess the solubilization of PAHs from the sediment by the action of selected surfactants. The results show an evident advantage given by the employment of each studied surfactant in mobilizing PAHs, compared to distilled water as benchmark. In detail, the synthetic alkyl polyglycosides APG2 led to a 3.4 % of total PAHs mobilization in the preliminary washing test with a maximum peak of 9.8 % for a single compound. The MCW test demonstrates that more consecutive washes can increase the amount of total PAHs removed, with a similar contribution from each wash, and that biosurfactants can be more attractive after several washes thanks to the increased capacity of PAHs mobilization. Interestingly, the high efficiency of surfactant to mobilize PAHs makes the soil washing a more attractive technology for removing PAHs from the marine sediments.

Preliminary study for Polycyclic aromatic Hydrocarbons mobilization from contaminated marine sediment using synthetic and natural surfactants / Moscatelli, Gabriele; Barbati, Berardino; Lorini, Laura; Caiazzo, Laura; Chiavarini, Salvatore; Pezza, Massimo; Bellagamba, Marco; Petrangeli Papini, Marco. - In: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE. - ISSN 0009-2509. - 298:(2024), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.ces.2024.120317]

Preliminary study for Polycyclic aromatic Hydrocarbons mobilization from contaminated marine sediment using synthetic and natural surfactants

Moscatelli, Gabriele
Primo
;
Barbati, Berardino;Lorini, Laura;Bellagamba, Marco;Petrangeli Papini, Marco
2024

Abstract

The persistent presence of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soils and sediments due to their chemical properties requires new methods to mobilize and make them more available for remediation purposes. In this work, the evaluation of the abilities of eight different non-ionic sugar-based and totally biodegradable surfactants, such as synthetic alkyl polyglycosides (APGs), biological sophorolipids (SLs) and biological rhamnolipids (RLs), was conducted in order to provide a preliminary guideline for the selection of the surfactant and the technical approach for PAHs extraction from the sediment. The reference sample was a marine sediment collected from Bagnoli (Naples, Italy) that was characterized to evaluate the level of PAHs contamination, which resulted equal to 3.51 g Kg−1 of total PAHs. By using surfactants solutions with a surfactant concentration five times greater than critical micelle concentration (Cs = 5x CMC), a preliminary washing test in batch configuration was conducted, then followed by multiple consecutive washes (MCW) of the sediment to assess the solubilization of PAHs from the sediment by the action of selected surfactants. The results show an evident advantage given by the employment of each studied surfactant in mobilizing PAHs, compared to distilled water as benchmark. In detail, the synthetic alkyl polyglycosides APG2 led to a 3.4 % of total PAHs mobilization in the preliminary washing test with a maximum peak of 9.8 % for a single compound. The MCW test demonstrates that more consecutive washes can increase the amount of total PAHs removed, with a similar contribution from each wash, and that biosurfactants can be more attractive after several washes thanks to the increased capacity of PAHs mobilization. Interestingly, the high efficiency of surfactant to mobilize PAHs makes the soil washing a more attractive technology for removing PAHs from the marine sediments.
2024
surfactants; biosurfactants; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; mobilization; washing; marine sediment
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Preliminary study for Polycyclic aromatic Hydrocarbons mobilization from contaminated marine sediment using synthetic and natural surfactants / Moscatelli, Gabriele; Barbati, Berardino; Lorini, Laura; Caiazzo, Laura; Chiavarini, Salvatore; Pezza, Massimo; Bellagamba, Marco; Petrangeli Papini, Marco. - In: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE. - ISSN 0009-2509. - 298:(2024), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.ces.2024.120317]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1710832
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