In 2002, a measurement of the effect of solar gravity upon the phase of coherent microwave beams passing near the Sun was carried out by the Cassini mission, allowing a very accurate measurement of the PPN parameter γ. The data have been analysed with NASA's Orbit Determination Program (ODP) in the Barycentric Celestial Reference System, in which the Sun moves around the centre of mass of the solar system with a velocity v⊙ of about 15 m s-1; the question arises: what correction does this imply for the predicted phase shift? After a review of the way the ODP works, we set the problem in the framework of Lorentz (and Galilean) transformations and evaluate the correction; it is several orders of the magnitude below our experimental accuracy. We also discuss a recent paper (Kopeikin et al 2007 Phys. Lett. A 367 276), which claims wrong and much larger corrections, and clarify the reasons for the discrepancy. © 2008 IOP Publishing Ltd.
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|Titolo:||The effect of the motion of the Sun on the light-time in interplanetary relativity experiments|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|