Objective/background: Idiopathic/isolated REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) is widely regarded as an early sign of neurodegeneration leading to synucleinopathies. While circadian rhythm alterations in iRBD have been preliminarily demonstrated, evidence on melatonin secretion patterns in this clinical condition is limited. To address this knowledge gap, this exploratory study aimed to integrate salivary melatonin measurement with actigraphic monitoring in individuals with iRBD and age-matched healthy controls (HC) under real-life conditions. Methods: Participants diagnosed with iRBD and HC underwent clinical evaluation and wore an actigraph for seven days and nights. Salivary melatonin concentrations were measured at five time points during the last night of recording. Comparative analyses were conducted on clinical data, actigraphic parameters, and melatonin levels between the two groups. Results: iRBD participants (n = 18) showed greater motor (p < 0.01) and non-motor symptoms (p < 0.001), alongside disruptions in circadian sleep-wake rhythm compared to HC (n = 10). Specifically, actigraphy revealed a delayed central phase measurement (p < 0.05), reduced activity during the most active hours (p < 0.001), and decreased relative amplitude (p < 0.05). Total salivary melatonin concentration was significantly lower in iRBD (p < 0.05), with a slight but non-significant phase delay in dim light melatonin onset. Conclusions: This exploratory study highlights a dysregulation of circadian sleep-wake rhythm coupled with reduced melatonin secretion in iRBD. Future research could add to these preliminary findings to evaluate novel treatment approaches to regulate the sleep-wake cycle and elucidate the implications of circadian dysregulation in the conversion from iRBD to neurodegeneration.

Alteration of circadian sleep-wake rhythm and salivary melatonin secretion in idiopathic/isolated REM sleep behavior disorder: Preliminary evidence / Carpi, Matteo; Fernandes, Mariana; Risino, Irene; Benedetti, Riccardo; Testone, Greta; Cirillo, Flavia; Nuccetelli, Marzia; Bernardini, Sergio; Mercuri, Nicola Biagio; Liguori, Claudio. - In: SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1389-9457. - 119:(2024), pp. 135-138. [10.1016/j.sleep.2024.04.020]

Alteration of circadian sleep-wake rhythm and salivary melatonin secretion in idiopathic/isolated REM sleep behavior disorder: Preliminary evidence

Carpi, Matteo
Primo
;
Fernandes, Mariana;
2024

Abstract

Objective/background: Idiopathic/isolated REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) is widely regarded as an early sign of neurodegeneration leading to synucleinopathies. While circadian rhythm alterations in iRBD have been preliminarily demonstrated, evidence on melatonin secretion patterns in this clinical condition is limited. To address this knowledge gap, this exploratory study aimed to integrate salivary melatonin measurement with actigraphic monitoring in individuals with iRBD and age-matched healthy controls (HC) under real-life conditions. Methods: Participants diagnosed with iRBD and HC underwent clinical evaluation and wore an actigraph for seven days and nights. Salivary melatonin concentrations were measured at five time points during the last night of recording. Comparative analyses were conducted on clinical data, actigraphic parameters, and melatonin levels between the two groups. Results: iRBD participants (n = 18) showed greater motor (p < 0.01) and non-motor symptoms (p < 0.001), alongside disruptions in circadian sleep-wake rhythm compared to HC (n = 10). Specifically, actigraphy revealed a delayed central phase measurement (p < 0.05), reduced activity during the most active hours (p < 0.001), and decreased relative amplitude (p < 0.05). Total salivary melatonin concentration was significantly lower in iRBD (p < 0.05), with a slight but non-significant phase delay in dim light melatonin onset. Conclusions: This exploratory study highlights a dysregulation of circadian sleep-wake rhythm coupled with reduced melatonin secretion in iRBD. Future research could add to these preliminary findings to evaluate novel treatment approaches to regulate the sleep-wake cycle and elucidate the implications of circadian dysregulation in the conversion from iRBD to neurodegeneration.
2024
Actigraphy; DLMO; Melatonin; RBD; Salivary; Sleep-wake rhythm.
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Alteration of circadian sleep-wake rhythm and salivary melatonin secretion in idiopathic/isolated REM sleep behavior disorder: Preliminary evidence / Carpi, Matteo; Fernandes, Mariana; Risino, Irene; Benedetti, Riccardo; Testone, Greta; Cirillo, Flavia; Nuccetelli, Marzia; Bernardini, Sergio; Mercuri, Nicola Biagio; Liguori, Claudio. - In: SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1389-9457. - 119:(2024), pp. 135-138. [10.1016/j.sleep.2024.04.020]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1710414
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