No theoretical model effectively explains the blistering process, which provokes functional distress in asphalt pavements worldwide. This study focuses on the possible causes of blistering, the physical processes that drive blistering, the role of asphalt properties, and the uncertainties and gaps in the current knowledge. This paper analyzes peer-reviewed studies on pavement blistering published between 1959 and 2022 retrieved in a systematic literature review to justify and model this distress observed on sidewalks, airports, and bridges. According to the scientific literature, high surface temperatures due to solar radiation are the common factor responsible for uplifting, but several causal mechanisms have been investigated. Indeed, chemical reactions, evolutionary materials, thermal buckling, and physical reactions are the generally recognized causes. Their effects on pavement smoothness vary according to the various interdependent geometrical, physical, and mechanical properties of asphalt mixtures and the boundary conditions. Both the mix design and construction processes can hinder the blistering process that occurs during daytime hours of the hot season, right after the work is finished or a few years later. Further research should identify measures to prevent bulges whose management after uplift is difficult but necessary to avoid safety and functional issues.

Causes of Asphalt Pavement Blistering: A Review / Moretti, Laura; Palozza, Leonardo; D'Andrea, Antonio. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 14:5(2024). [10.3390/app14052189]

Causes of Asphalt Pavement Blistering: A Review

Moretti, Laura;D'Andrea, Antonio
2024

Abstract

No theoretical model effectively explains the blistering process, which provokes functional distress in asphalt pavements worldwide. This study focuses on the possible causes of blistering, the physical processes that drive blistering, the role of asphalt properties, and the uncertainties and gaps in the current knowledge. This paper analyzes peer-reviewed studies on pavement blistering published between 1959 and 2022 retrieved in a systematic literature review to justify and model this distress observed on sidewalks, airports, and bridges. According to the scientific literature, high surface temperatures due to solar radiation are the common factor responsible for uplifting, but several causal mechanisms have been investigated. Indeed, chemical reactions, evolutionary materials, thermal buckling, and physical reactions are the generally recognized causes. Their effects on pavement smoothness vary according to the various interdependent geometrical, physical, and mechanical properties of asphalt mixtures and the boundary conditions. Both the mix design and construction processes can hinder the blistering process that occurs during daytime hours of the hot season, right after the work is finished or a few years later. Further research should identify measures to prevent bulges whose management after uplift is difficult but necessary to avoid safety and functional issues.
2024
air voids; blistering; buckling; bulges; permeability; solar radiation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Causes of Asphalt Pavement Blistering: A Review / Moretti, Laura; Palozza, Leonardo; D'Andrea, Antonio. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 14:5(2024). [10.3390/app14052189]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1710232
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