Background: The COVID-19 pandemic increased symptoms of stress and anxiety and induced changes in sleep quality, dream activity, and parasomnia episodes. It has been shown that stressful factors and/or bad sleep habits can affect parasomnia behaviors. However, investigations on how COVID-19 has affected sleep, dreams, and episode frequency in parasomnias are rare. The current study focuses on the impact of the pandemic on a specific parasomnia characterized by speech production (sleep talking, ST). Methods: We selected 27 participants with frequent ST episodes (STs) during the pandemic and compared them with 27 participants with frequent STs from a previous study conducted during a pre-pandemic period. All participants performed home monitoring through sleep logs and recorded their nocturnal STs for one week. Results: We observed a higher frequency of STs in the pandemic group. Moreover, STs were related to the emotional intensity of dreams, independent of the pandemic condition. The pandemic was associated with lower bizarreness of dreams in the pandemic group. There were no differences in sleep variables between the two groups. Conclusion: Overall, these results suggest a stressful effect of COVID-19 on the frequency of STs. Both the pandemic and the frequency of STs affect qualitative characteristics of dreams in this population.

How COVID-19 Affected Sleep Talking Episodes, Sleep and Dreams? / Camaioni, Milena; Scarpelli, Serena; Alfonsi, Valentina; Gorgoni, Maurizio; Calzolari, Rossana; De Bartolo, Mina; Mangiaruga, Anastasia; Couyoumdjian, Alessandro; De Gennaro, Luigi. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - 14:5(2024). [10.3390/brainsci14050486]

How COVID-19 Affected Sleep Talking Episodes, Sleep and Dreams?

Camaioni, Milena;Scarpelli, Serena;Alfonsi, Valentina;Gorgoni, Maurizio;De Bartolo, Mina;Mangiaruga, Anastasia;Couyoumdjian, Alessandro;De Gennaro, Luigi
2024

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic increased symptoms of stress and anxiety and induced changes in sleep quality, dream activity, and parasomnia episodes. It has been shown that stressful factors and/or bad sleep habits can affect parasomnia behaviors. However, investigations on how COVID-19 has affected sleep, dreams, and episode frequency in parasomnias are rare. The current study focuses on the impact of the pandemic on a specific parasomnia characterized by speech production (sleep talking, ST). Methods: We selected 27 participants with frequent ST episodes (STs) during the pandemic and compared them with 27 participants with frequent STs from a previous study conducted during a pre-pandemic period. All participants performed home monitoring through sleep logs and recorded their nocturnal STs for one week. Results: We observed a higher frequency of STs in the pandemic group. Moreover, STs were related to the emotional intensity of dreams, independent of the pandemic condition. The pandemic was associated with lower bizarreness of dreams in the pandemic group. There were no differences in sleep variables between the two groups. Conclusion: Overall, these results suggest a stressful effect of COVID-19 on the frequency of STs. Both the pandemic and the frequency of STs affect qualitative characteristics of dreams in this population.
2024
sleep talking; parasomnia; dreaming
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
How COVID-19 Affected Sleep Talking Episodes, Sleep and Dreams? / Camaioni, Milena; Scarpelli, Serena; Alfonsi, Valentina; Gorgoni, Maurizio; Calzolari, Rossana; De Bartolo, Mina; Mangiaruga, Anastasia; Couyoumdjian, Alessandro; De Gennaro, Luigi. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - 14:5(2024). [10.3390/brainsci14050486]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1709841
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