Purpose: Patients hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) may have a higher risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF). The C2HEST score was developed to evaluate the NOAF risk in the general population. Data on the value of the C2HEST score in acute patients admitted with CAP are lacking. We want to establish the predictive value of C2HEST score for NOAF in patients with CAP. Methods: Patients with CAP enrolled in the SIXTUS cohort were enrolled. C2HEST score was calculated at baseline. In-hospital NOAF was recorded. Receiver-operating Characteristic (ROC) curve and multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analysis were performed. Results: We enrolled 473 patients (36% women, mean age 70.6 ± 16.5 years), and 54 NOAF occurred. Patients with NOAF were elderly, more frequently affected by hypertension, heart failure, previous stroke/transient ischemic attack, peripheral artery disease and hyperthyroidism. NOAF patients had also higher CURB-65, PSI class and CHA2DS2-VASc score. The C-index of C2HEST score for NOAF was 0.747 (95% confidence interval [95%CI] 0.705-0.786), higher compared to CURB-65 (0.611, 95%CI 0.566-0.655, p = 0.0016), PSI (0.665, 95%CI 0.621-0.708, p = 0.0199) and CHA2DS2-VASc score (0.696, 95%CI 0.652-0.737, p = 0.0762). The best combination of sensitivity (67%) and specificity (70%) was observed with a C2HEST score ≥ 4. This result was confirmed by the multivariable Cox analysis (Hazard Ratio [HR] for C2HEST score ≥ 4 was 10.7, 95%CI 2.0-57.9; p = 0.006), independently from the severity of pneumonia. Conclusion: The C2HEST score was a useful predictive tool to identify patients at higher risk for NOAF during hospitalization for CAP. Clinical trial registration: www. Clinicaltrials: gov (NCT01773863).

Prediction of new-onset atrial fibrillation with the C2HEST score in patients admitted with community-acquired pneumonia / Pastori, Daniele; Menichelli, Danilo; Romiti, Giulio Francesco; Speziale, Angela Pia; Pignatelli, Pasquale; Basili, Stefania; Violi, Francesco; Cangemi, Roberto. - In: INFECTION. - ISSN 0300-8126. - (2024). [10.1007/s15010-024-02286-x]

Prediction of new-onset atrial fibrillation with the C2HEST score in patients admitted with community-acquired pneumonia

Pastori, Daniele
Co-primo
;
Menichelli, Danilo
Co-primo
;
Romiti, Giulio Francesco;Speziale, Angela Pia;Pignatelli, Pasquale;Basili, Stefania;Violi, Francesco;Cangemi, Roberto
2024

Abstract

Purpose: Patients hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) may have a higher risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF). The C2HEST score was developed to evaluate the NOAF risk in the general population. Data on the value of the C2HEST score in acute patients admitted with CAP are lacking. We want to establish the predictive value of C2HEST score for NOAF in patients with CAP. Methods: Patients with CAP enrolled in the SIXTUS cohort were enrolled. C2HEST score was calculated at baseline. In-hospital NOAF was recorded. Receiver-operating Characteristic (ROC) curve and multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analysis were performed. Results: We enrolled 473 patients (36% women, mean age 70.6 ± 16.5 years), and 54 NOAF occurred. Patients with NOAF were elderly, more frequently affected by hypertension, heart failure, previous stroke/transient ischemic attack, peripheral artery disease and hyperthyroidism. NOAF patients had also higher CURB-65, PSI class and CHA2DS2-VASc score. The C-index of C2HEST score for NOAF was 0.747 (95% confidence interval [95%CI] 0.705-0.786), higher compared to CURB-65 (0.611, 95%CI 0.566-0.655, p = 0.0016), PSI (0.665, 95%CI 0.621-0.708, p = 0.0199) and CHA2DS2-VASc score (0.696, 95%CI 0.652-0.737, p = 0.0762). The best combination of sensitivity (67%) and specificity (70%) was observed with a C2HEST score ≥ 4. This result was confirmed by the multivariable Cox analysis (Hazard Ratio [HR] for C2HEST score ≥ 4 was 10.7, 95%CI 2.0-57.9; p = 0.006), independently from the severity of pneumonia. Conclusion: The C2HEST score was a useful predictive tool to identify patients at higher risk for NOAF during hospitalization for CAP. Clinical trial registration: www. Clinicaltrials: gov (NCT01773863).
2024
Atrial fibrillation; C2HEST score; CAP; Community-acquired pneumonia; New-onset AF
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Prediction of new-onset atrial fibrillation with the C2HEST score in patients admitted with community-acquired pneumonia / Pastori, Daniele; Menichelli, Danilo; Romiti, Giulio Francesco; Speziale, Angela Pia; Pignatelli, Pasquale; Basili, Stefania; Violi, Francesco; Cangemi, Roberto. - In: INFECTION. - ISSN 0300-8126. - (2024). [10.1007/s15010-024-02286-x]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1709600
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