Particulate Matter (PM) is a complex and heterogeneous mixture of atmospheric particles recognized as a threat to human health. Oxidative Potential (OP) measurement is a promising and integrative method for estimating PM-induced health impacts since it is recognized as more closely associated with adverse health effects than ordinarily used PM mass concentrations. OP measurements could be introduced in the air quality monitoring, along with the parameters currently evaluated. PM deposition in the lungs induces oxidative stress, inflammation, and DNA damage. The study aimed to compare the OP measurements with toxicological effects on BEAS-2B and THP-1 cells of winter and summer PM1 collected in the Po Valley (Italy) during 2021. PM1 was extracted in deionized water by mechanical agitation and tested for OP and, in parallel, used to treat cells. Cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses were assessed by MTT test, DCFH-DA assay, micronucleus, γ-H2AX, comet assay modified with endonucleases, ELISA, and Real-Time PCR. The evaluation of OP was performed by applying three different assays: dithiothreitol (OPDTT), ascorbic acid (OPAA), and 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein (OPDCFH), in addition, the reducing potential was also analysed (RPDPPH). Seasonal differences were detected in all the parameters investigated. The amount of DNA damage detected with the Comet assay and ROS formation highlights the presence of oxidative damage both in winter and in summer samples, while DNA damage (micronucleus) and genes regulation were mainly detected in winter samples. A positive correlation with OPDCFH (Spearman's analysis, p < 0.05) was detected for IL-8 secretion and γ-H2AX. These results provide a biological support to the implementation in air quality monitoring of OP measurements as a useful proxy to estimate PM-induced cellular toxicological responses. In addition, these results provide new insights for the assessment of the ability of secondary aerosol in the background atmosphere to induce oxidative stress and health effects.

Redox-activity and in vitro effects of regional atmospheric aerosol pollution: seasonal differences and correlation between oxidative potential and in vitro toxicity of PM1 / Melzi, G.; Massimi, L.; Frezzini, M. A.; Iulini, M.; Tarallo, N.; Rinaldi, M.; Paglione, M.; Nozza, E.; Crova, F.; Valentini, S.; Valli, G.; Costabile, F.; Canepari, S.; Decesari, S.; Vecchi, R.; Marinovich, M.; Corsini, E.. - In: TOXICOLOGY AND APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0041-008X. - 485:(2024), pp. 1-12. [10.1016/j.taap.2024.116913]

Redox-activity and in vitro effects of regional atmospheric aerosol pollution: seasonal differences and correlation between oxidative potential and in vitro toxicity of PM1

Massimi L.;Canepari S.;
2024

Abstract

Particulate Matter (PM) is a complex and heterogeneous mixture of atmospheric particles recognized as a threat to human health. Oxidative Potential (OP) measurement is a promising and integrative method for estimating PM-induced health impacts since it is recognized as more closely associated with adverse health effects than ordinarily used PM mass concentrations. OP measurements could be introduced in the air quality monitoring, along with the parameters currently evaluated. PM deposition in the lungs induces oxidative stress, inflammation, and DNA damage. The study aimed to compare the OP measurements with toxicological effects on BEAS-2B and THP-1 cells of winter and summer PM1 collected in the Po Valley (Italy) during 2021. PM1 was extracted in deionized water by mechanical agitation and tested for OP and, in parallel, used to treat cells. Cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses were assessed by MTT test, DCFH-DA assay, micronucleus, γ-H2AX, comet assay modified with endonucleases, ELISA, and Real-Time PCR. The evaluation of OP was performed by applying three different assays: dithiothreitol (OPDTT), ascorbic acid (OPAA), and 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein (OPDCFH), in addition, the reducing potential was also analysed (RPDPPH). Seasonal differences were detected in all the parameters investigated. The amount of DNA damage detected with the Comet assay and ROS formation highlights the presence of oxidative damage both in winter and in summer samples, while DNA damage (micronucleus) and genes regulation were mainly detected in winter samples. A positive correlation with OPDCFH (Spearman's analysis, p < 0.05) was detected for IL-8 secretion and γ-H2AX. These results provide a biological support to the implementation in air quality monitoring of OP measurements as a useful proxy to estimate PM-induced cellular toxicological responses. In addition, these results provide new insights for the assessment of the ability of secondary aerosol in the background atmosphere to induce oxidative stress and health effects.
2024
in vitro; inflammation; oxidative potential; oxidative stress; particulate matter; toxicology
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Redox-activity and in vitro effects of regional atmospheric aerosol pollution: seasonal differences and correlation between oxidative potential and in vitro toxicity of PM1 / Melzi, G.; Massimi, L.; Frezzini, M. A.; Iulini, M.; Tarallo, N.; Rinaldi, M.; Paglione, M.; Nozza, E.; Crova, F.; Valentini, S.; Valli, G.; Costabile, F.; Canepari, S.; Decesari, S.; Vecchi, R.; Marinovich, M.; Corsini, E.. - In: TOXICOLOGY AND APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0041-008X. - 485:(2024), pp. 1-12. [10.1016/j.taap.2024.116913]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1707914
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