Background: Several earlier studies showed a female predominance in idiopathic adult-onset dystonia (IAOD) affecting the craniocervical area and a male preponderance in limb dystonia. However, sex-related differences may result from bias inherent to study design. Moreover, information is lacking on whether sex-related differences exist in expressing other dystonia-associated features and dystonia spread. Objective: To provide accurate information on the relationship between sex differences, motor phenomenology, dystonia-associated features and the natural history of IAOD. Methods: Data of 1701 patients with IAOD from the Italian Dystonia Registry were analysed. Results: Women predominated over men in blepharospasm, oromandibular, laryngeal and cervical dystonia; the sex ratio was reversed in task-specific upper limb dystonia; and no clear sex difference emerged in non-task-specific upper limb dystonia and lower limb dystonia. This pattern was present at disease onset and the last examination. Women and men did not significantly differ for several dystonia-associated features and tendency to spread. In women and men, the absolute number of individuals who developed dystonia tended to increase from 20 to 60 years and then declined. However, when we stratified by site of dystonia onset, different patterns of female-to-male ratio over time could be observed in the various forms of dystonia. Conclusions: Our findings provide novel evidence on sex as a key mediator of IAOD phenotype at disease onset. Age-related sexual dimorphism may result from the varying exposures to specific age-related and sex-related environmental risk factors interacting in a complex manner with biological factors such as hormonal sex factors.

Does sex influence the natural history of idiopathic adult-onset dystonia? / Velucci, Vittorio; Idrissi, Sarah; Pellicciari, Roberta; Esposito, Marcello; Trinchillo, Assunta; Belvisi, Daniele; Fabbrini, Giovanni; Ferrazzano, Gina; Terranova, Carmen; Girlanda, Paolo; Majorana, Giovanni; Rizzo, Vincenzo; Bono, Francesco; Idone, Giovanni; Laterza, Vincenzo; Avanzino, Laura; Di Biasio, Francesca; Marchese, Roberta; Castagna, Anna; Ramella, Marina; Lettieri, Christian; Rinaldo, Sara; Altavista, Maria Concetta; Polidori, Luigi; Bertolasi, Laura; Tozzi, Maria Chiara; Erro, Roberto; Barone, Paolo; Barbero, Pierangelo; Ceravolo, Roberto; Mascia, Marcello Mario; Ercoli, Tommaso; Muroni, Antonella; Artusi, Carlo Alberto; Zibetti, Maurizio; Scaglione, Cesa Lorella Maria; Bentivoglio, Anna Rita; Cotelli, Maria Sofia; Magistrelli, Luca; Cossu, Giovanni; Albanese, Alberto; Squintani, Giovanna Maddalena; Schirinzi, Tommaso; Gigante, Angelo Fabio; Maderna, Luca; Eleopra, Roberto; Pisani, Antonio; Cassano, Daniela; Romano, Marcello; Rizzo, Marina; Berardelli, Alfredo; Defazio, Giovanni. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1468-330X. - (2024). [10.1136/jnnp-2023-332927]

Does sex influence the natural history of idiopathic adult-onset dystonia?

Pellicciari, Roberta;Belvisi, Daniele;Fabbrini, Giovanni;Ferrazzano, Gina;Girlanda, Paolo;Di Biasio, Francesca;Barone, Paolo;Romano, Marcello;Berardelli, Alfredo;Defazio, Giovanni
2024

Abstract

Background: Several earlier studies showed a female predominance in idiopathic adult-onset dystonia (IAOD) affecting the craniocervical area and a male preponderance in limb dystonia. However, sex-related differences may result from bias inherent to study design. Moreover, information is lacking on whether sex-related differences exist in expressing other dystonia-associated features and dystonia spread. Objective: To provide accurate information on the relationship between sex differences, motor phenomenology, dystonia-associated features and the natural history of IAOD. Methods: Data of 1701 patients with IAOD from the Italian Dystonia Registry were analysed. Results: Women predominated over men in blepharospasm, oromandibular, laryngeal and cervical dystonia; the sex ratio was reversed in task-specific upper limb dystonia; and no clear sex difference emerged in non-task-specific upper limb dystonia and lower limb dystonia. This pattern was present at disease onset and the last examination. Women and men did not significantly differ for several dystonia-associated features and tendency to spread. In women and men, the absolute number of individuals who developed dystonia tended to increase from 20 to 60 years and then declined. However, when we stratified by site of dystonia onset, different patterns of female-to-male ratio over time could be observed in the various forms of dystonia. Conclusions: Our findings provide novel evidence on sex as a key mediator of IAOD phenotype at disease onset. Age-related sexual dimorphism may result from the varying exposures to specific age-related and sex-related environmental risk factors interacting in a complex manner with biological factors such as hormonal sex factors.
2024
DYSTONIA
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Does sex influence the natural history of idiopathic adult-onset dystonia? / Velucci, Vittorio; Idrissi, Sarah; Pellicciari, Roberta; Esposito, Marcello; Trinchillo, Assunta; Belvisi, Daniele; Fabbrini, Giovanni; Ferrazzano, Gina; Terranova, Carmen; Girlanda, Paolo; Majorana, Giovanni; Rizzo, Vincenzo; Bono, Francesco; Idone, Giovanni; Laterza, Vincenzo; Avanzino, Laura; Di Biasio, Francesca; Marchese, Roberta; Castagna, Anna; Ramella, Marina; Lettieri, Christian; Rinaldo, Sara; Altavista, Maria Concetta; Polidori, Luigi; Bertolasi, Laura; Tozzi, Maria Chiara; Erro, Roberto; Barone, Paolo; Barbero, Pierangelo; Ceravolo, Roberto; Mascia, Marcello Mario; Ercoli, Tommaso; Muroni, Antonella; Artusi, Carlo Alberto; Zibetti, Maurizio; Scaglione, Cesa Lorella Maria; Bentivoglio, Anna Rita; Cotelli, Maria Sofia; Magistrelli, Luca; Cossu, Giovanni; Albanese, Alberto; Squintani, Giovanna Maddalena; Schirinzi, Tommaso; Gigante, Angelo Fabio; Maderna, Luca; Eleopra, Roberto; Pisani, Antonio; Cassano, Daniela; Romano, Marcello; Rizzo, Marina; Berardelli, Alfredo; Defazio, Giovanni. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1468-330X. - (2024). [10.1136/jnnp-2023-332927]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1705653
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