Background & aims: Echocardiographic findings may provide valuable information about the cardiac conditions in cirrhotic patients waiting for liver transplantation (LT). However, data on the ability of the different echocardiographic parameters to predict post-transplant risk of mortality are scarce and heterogeneous. This systematic review evaluates the role of different echocardiographic features as predictors of post-LT mortality. A meta-analysis was also performed according to the observed results. Methods: A systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Medline (PubMed) database was searched through February 2023 for relevant published original articles reporting the prognostic value of echocardiographic findings associated with outcomes of adult LT recipients. The risk of bias in included articles was assessed using ROBINS-E tool. Methodological quality varied from low to high across the risk of bias domains. Results: Twenty-three studies were identified after the selection process; ten were enrollable for the meta-analyses. According to the results observed, the E/A ratio fashioned as a continuous value (HR = 0.43, 95%CI = 0.25-0.76; P = 0.003), and tricuspid regurgitation (HR = 2.36, 95%CI = 1.05-5.31; P = 0.04) were relevant predicting variables for post-LT death. Other echocardiographic findings failed to merge with statistical relevance. Conclusion: Tricuspid regurgitation and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction play a role in the prediction of post-LT death. More studies are needed to clarify further the impact of these echocardiographic features in the transplantation setting.

The role of echocardiographic assessment for the risk of adverse events in liver transplant recipients: a systematic review and meta-analysis / Lai, Quirino; Caimano, Miriam; Canale, Francesca; Birtolo, Lucia Ilaria; Ferri, Flaminia; Corradini, Stefano Ginanni; Mancone, Massimo; Marrone, Giuseppe; Pedicino, Daniela; Rossi, Massimo; Vernole, Elisabetta; Pompili, Maurizio; Biolato, Marco. - In: TRANSPLANTATION REVIEWS. - ISSN 0955-470X. - 38:2(2024), pp. 1-9. [10.1016/j.trre.2024.100838]

The role of echocardiographic assessment for the risk of adverse events in liver transplant recipients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Lai, Quirino;Ferri, Flaminia;Corradini, Stefano Ginanni;Mancone, Massimo;Pompili, Maurizio;
2024

Abstract

Background & aims: Echocardiographic findings may provide valuable information about the cardiac conditions in cirrhotic patients waiting for liver transplantation (LT). However, data on the ability of the different echocardiographic parameters to predict post-transplant risk of mortality are scarce and heterogeneous. This systematic review evaluates the role of different echocardiographic features as predictors of post-LT mortality. A meta-analysis was also performed according to the observed results. Methods: A systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Medline (PubMed) database was searched through February 2023 for relevant published original articles reporting the prognostic value of echocardiographic findings associated with outcomes of adult LT recipients. The risk of bias in included articles was assessed using ROBINS-E tool. Methodological quality varied from low to high across the risk of bias domains. Results: Twenty-three studies were identified after the selection process; ten were enrollable for the meta-analyses. According to the results observed, the E/A ratio fashioned as a continuous value (HR = 0.43, 95%CI = 0.25-0.76; P = 0.003), and tricuspid regurgitation (HR = 2.36, 95%CI = 1.05-5.31; P = 0.04) were relevant predicting variables for post-LT death. Other echocardiographic findings failed to merge with statistical relevance. Conclusion: Tricuspid regurgitation and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction play a role in the prediction of post-LT death. More studies are needed to clarify further the impact of these echocardiographic features in the transplantation setting.
2024
E/A ratio; E/e’; Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction; left ventricular ejection fraction; tricuspid regurgitation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
The role of echocardiographic assessment for the risk of adverse events in liver transplant recipients: a systematic review and meta-analysis / Lai, Quirino; Caimano, Miriam; Canale, Francesca; Birtolo, Lucia Ilaria; Ferri, Flaminia; Corradini, Stefano Ginanni; Mancone, Massimo; Marrone, Giuseppe; Pedicino, Daniela; Rossi, Massimo; Vernole, Elisabetta; Pompili, Maurizio; Biolato, Marco. - In: TRANSPLANTATION REVIEWS. - ISSN 0955-470X. - 38:2(2024), pp. 1-9. [10.1016/j.trre.2024.100838]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1705052
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