Pathogenic variants in the GNAO1 gene, encoding the alpha subunit of an inhibitory heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (Go) highly expressed in the mammalian brain, have been linked to encephalopathy characterized by different combinations of neurological symptoms, including developmental delay, hypotonia, epilepsy and hyperkinetic movement disorder with life-threatening paroxysmal exacerbations. Currently, there are only symptomatic treatments, and little is known about the pathophysiology of GNAO1-related disorders. Here, we report the characterization of a new in vitro model system based on patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) carrying the recurrent p.G203R amino acid substitution in Gαo, and a CRISPR-Cas9-genetically corrected isogenic control line. RNA-Seq analysis highlighted aberrant cell fate commitment in neuronal progenitor cells carrying the p.G203R pathogenic variant. Upon differentiation into cortical neurons, patients' cells showed reduced expression of early neural genes and increased expression of astrocyte markers, as well as premature and defective differentiation processes leading to aberrant formation of neuronal rosettes. Of note, comparable defects in gene expression and in the morphology of neural rosettes were observed in hiPSCs from an unrelated individual harboring the same GNAO1 variant. Functional characterization showed lower basal intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i), reduced frequency of spontaneous activity, and a smaller response to several neurotransmitters in 40- and 50-days differentiated p.G203R neurons compared to control cells. These findings suggest that the GNAO1 pathogenic variant causes a neurodevelopmental phenotype characterized by aberrant differentiation of both neuronal and glial populations leading to a significant alteration of neuronal communication and signal transduction.

Cortical neurons obtained from patient-derived iPSCs with GNAO1 p.G203R variant show altered differentiation and functional properties / Benedetti, Maria Cristina; D'Andrea, Tiziano; Colantoni, Alessio; Silachev, Denis; de Turris, Valeria; Boussadia, Zaira; Babenko, Valentina A.; Volovikov, Egor A.; Belikova, Lilia; Bogomazova, Alexandra N.; Pepponi, Rita; Whye, Dosh; Buttermore, Elizabeth D.; Tartaglia, Gian Gaetano; Lagarkova, Maria A.; Katanaev, Vladimir L.; Musayev, Ilya; Martinelli, Simone; Fucile, Sergio; Rosa, Alessandro. - In: HELIYON. - ISSN 2405-8440. - 10:5(2024). [10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e26656]

Cortical neurons obtained from patient-derived iPSCs with GNAO1 p.G203R variant show altered differentiation and functional properties

Benedetti, Maria Cristina;D'andrea, Tiziano;Colantoni, Alessio;de Turris, Valeria;Boussadia, Zaira;Tartaglia, Gian Gaetano;Fucile, Sergio;Rosa, Alessandro
2024

Abstract

Pathogenic variants in the GNAO1 gene, encoding the alpha subunit of an inhibitory heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (Go) highly expressed in the mammalian brain, have been linked to encephalopathy characterized by different combinations of neurological symptoms, including developmental delay, hypotonia, epilepsy and hyperkinetic movement disorder with life-threatening paroxysmal exacerbations. Currently, there are only symptomatic treatments, and little is known about the pathophysiology of GNAO1-related disorders. Here, we report the characterization of a new in vitro model system based on patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) carrying the recurrent p.G203R amino acid substitution in Gαo, and a CRISPR-Cas9-genetically corrected isogenic control line. RNA-Seq analysis highlighted aberrant cell fate commitment in neuronal progenitor cells carrying the p.G203R pathogenic variant. Upon differentiation into cortical neurons, patients' cells showed reduced expression of early neural genes and increased expression of astrocyte markers, as well as premature and defective differentiation processes leading to aberrant formation of neuronal rosettes. Of note, comparable defects in gene expression and in the morphology of neural rosettes were observed in hiPSCs from an unrelated individual harboring the same GNAO1 variant. Functional characterization showed lower basal intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i), reduced frequency of spontaneous activity, and a smaller response to several neurotransmitters in 40- and 50-days differentiated p.G203R neurons compared to control cells. These findings suggest that the GNAO1 pathogenic variant causes a neurodevelopmental phenotype characterized by aberrant differentiation of both neuronal and glial populations leading to a significant alteration of neuronal communication and signal transduction.
2024
Encephalopathy; GNAO1; Induced pluripotent stem cell; Movement disorder; neural rosette; wnt
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Cortical neurons obtained from patient-derived iPSCs with GNAO1 p.G203R variant show altered differentiation and functional properties / Benedetti, Maria Cristina; D'Andrea, Tiziano; Colantoni, Alessio; Silachev, Denis; de Turris, Valeria; Boussadia, Zaira; Babenko, Valentina A.; Volovikov, Egor A.; Belikova, Lilia; Bogomazova, Alexandra N.; Pepponi, Rita; Whye, Dosh; Buttermore, Elizabeth D.; Tartaglia, Gian Gaetano; Lagarkova, Maria A.; Katanaev, Vladimir L.; Musayev, Ilya; Martinelli, Simone; Fucile, Sergio; Rosa, Alessandro. - In: HELIYON. - ISSN 2405-8440. - 10:5(2024). [10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e26656]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1704847
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