Starting from the knowledge of ancient materials, the present work aims at developing green eco-friendly restoration mortars. A multi-step approach is proposed for this purpose including a characterization of ancient mortars, followed by that of the raw materials, ending with an in-depth one of the new products. Therefore, new mortars have been produced following the ancient recipe used in the construction of the Aqua Traiana aqueduct (Rome, 2nd century CE). Minero-petrographic and mechanical features, along with the assessment of porosity, water absorption, hydraulic index, and the evaluation of phytotoxicity toward microalgae cells, have been considered to evaluate the new products. The results proved that the nature of the aggregate and of the binder influence the porosity and the formation of newly reaction phases. The growth of these minerals creates a porous network inside the binder paste which shows an efficient reactivity in the formation of C-S-H compounds.

How the materials knowledge of Roman mortars could be helpful for the production of future materials. The case of the Aqua Traiana aqueduct (Rome, Italy) / Medeghini, Laura; Calzolari, Laura; Capriotti, Sara; Bernabale, Martina; De Vito, Caterina; Giustini, Mauro; Pettiti, Ida; Dell'Agli, Gianfranco; Spiridigliozzi, Luca; Antonacci, Amina; Gasperuzzo, Giulia; Scognamiglio, Viviana; Di Tullio, Valeria; Zappelli, Margherita; Conti, Lucia; Gioventù, Eleonora; Marcelli, Marina; Bonaccini, Alfredo; Mignardi, Silvano. - In: CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-8846. - 179:(2024), pp. 1-15. [10.1016/j.cemconres.2024.107478]

How the materials knowledge of Roman mortars could be helpful for the production of future materials. The case of the Aqua Traiana aqueduct (Rome, Italy)

Medeghini, Laura
;
Calzolari, Laura;Capriotti, Sara;Bernabale, Martina;De Vito, Caterina;Giustini, Mauro;Pettiti, Ida;Mignardi, Silvano
2024

Abstract

Starting from the knowledge of ancient materials, the present work aims at developing green eco-friendly restoration mortars. A multi-step approach is proposed for this purpose including a characterization of ancient mortars, followed by that of the raw materials, ending with an in-depth one of the new products. Therefore, new mortars have been produced following the ancient recipe used in the construction of the Aqua Traiana aqueduct (Rome, 2nd century CE). Minero-petrographic and mechanical features, along with the assessment of porosity, water absorption, hydraulic index, and the evaluation of phytotoxicity toward microalgae cells, have been considered to evaluate the new products. The results proved that the nature of the aggregate and of the binder influence the porosity and the formation of newly reaction phases. The growth of these minerals creates a porous network inside the binder paste which shows an efficient reactivity in the formation of C-S-H compounds.
2024
Historic mortar; green materials; sustainable mortars; restoration
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
How the materials knowledge of Roman mortars could be helpful for the production of future materials. The case of the Aqua Traiana aqueduct (Rome, Italy) / Medeghini, Laura; Calzolari, Laura; Capriotti, Sara; Bernabale, Martina; De Vito, Caterina; Giustini, Mauro; Pettiti, Ida; Dell'Agli, Gianfranco; Spiridigliozzi, Luca; Antonacci, Amina; Gasperuzzo, Giulia; Scognamiglio, Viviana; Di Tullio, Valeria; Zappelli, Margherita; Conti, Lucia; Gioventù, Eleonora; Marcelli, Marina; Bonaccini, Alfredo; Mignardi, Silvano. - In: CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-8846. - 179:(2024), pp. 1-15. [10.1016/j.cemconres.2024.107478]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Medeghini_How the materials_2024.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 10.41 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
10.41 MB Adobe PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1704635
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact