The term cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) defines a class of epithelial malignancies originating from bile ducts. Although it has been demonstrated that CCA patients with perineural invasion (PNI) have a worse prognosis, the biological features of this phenomenon are yet unclear. Our data show that in human intrahepatic CCA specimens with documented PNI, nerve-infiltrating CCA cells display positivity of the epithelial marker cytokeratin 7, lower with respect to the rest of the tumor mass. In an in vitro 3D model, CCA cells move towards a peripheral nerve explant allowing contact with Schwann cells (SCs) emerging from the nerve. Here, we show that SCs produce soluble factors that favor the migration, invasion, survival and proliferation of CCA cells in vitro. This effect is accompanied by a cadherin switch, suggestive of an epithelial–mesenchymal transition. The influence of SCs in promoting the ability of CCA cells to migrate and invade the extracellular matrix is hampered by a specific TGFβ receptor 1 (TGFBR1) antagonist. Differential proteomic data indicate that the exposure of CCA cells to SC secreted factors induces the upregulation of key oncogenes and the concomitant downregulation of some tumor suppressors. Taken together, these data concur in identifying SCs as possible promoters of a more aggressive CCA phenotype, ascribing a central role to TGFβ signaling in regulating this process.

Cholangiocarcinoma Malignant Traits Are Promoted by Schwann Cells through TGFβ Signaling in a Model of Perineural Invasion / de Franchis, Valerio; Petrungaro, Simonetta; Pizzichini, Elisa; Camerini, Serena; Casella, Marialuisa; Somma, Francesca; Mandolini, Enrico; Carpino, Guido; Overi, Diletta; Cardinale, Vincenzo; Facchiano, Antonio; Filippini, Antonio; Gaudio, Eugenio; Fabrizi, Cinzia; Giampietri, Claudia. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 13:5(2024), pp. 1-17. [10.3390/cells13050366]

Cholangiocarcinoma Malignant Traits Are Promoted by Schwann Cells through TGFβ Signaling in a Model of Perineural Invasion

de Franchis, Valerio;Petrungaro, Simonetta;Pizzichini, Elisa;Somma, Francesca;Carpino, Guido;Overi, Diletta;Cardinale, Vincenzo;Filippini, Antonio
;
Gaudio, Eugenio;Fabrizi, Cinzia;Giampietri, Claudia
2024

Abstract

The term cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) defines a class of epithelial malignancies originating from bile ducts. Although it has been demonstrated that CCA patients with perineural invasion (PNI) have a worse prognosis, the biological features of this phenomenon are yet unclear. Our data show that in human intrahepatic CCA specimens with documented PNI, nerve-infiltrating CCA cells display positivity of the epithelial marker cytokeratin 7, lower with respect to the rest of the tumor mass. In an in vitro 3D model, CCA cells move towards a peripheral nerve explant allowing contact with Schwann cells (SCs) emerging from the nerve. Here, we show that SCs produce soluble factors that favor the migration, invasion, survival and proliferation of CCA cells in vitro. This effect is accompanied by a cadherin switch, suggestive of an epithelial–mesenchymal transition. The influence of SCs in promoting the ability of CCA cells to migrate and invade the extracellular matrix is hampered by a specific TGFβ receptor 1 (TGFBR1) antagonist. Differential proteomic data indicate that the exposure of CCA cells to SC secreted factors induces the upregulation of key oncogenes and the concomitant downregulation of some tumor suppressors. Taken together, these data concur in identifying SCs as possible promoters of a more aggressive CCA phenotype, ascribing a central role to TGFβ signaling in regulating this process.
2024
bile duct cancer; Schwann cells; TGFβ; EMT
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Cholangiocarcinoma Malignant Traits Are Promoted by Schwann Cells through TGFβ Signaling in a Model of Perineural Invasion / de Franchis, Valerio; Petrungaro, Simonetta; Pizzichini, Elisa; Camerini, Serena; Casella, Marialuisa; Somma, Francesca; Mandolini, Enrico; Carpino, Guido; Overi, Diletta; Cardinale, Vincenzo; Facchiano, Antonio; Filippini, Antonio; Gaudio, Eugenio; Fabrizi, Cinzia; Giampietri, Claudia. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 13:5(2024), pp. 1-17. [10.3390/cells13050366]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1703368
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