Stroke is a major contributor to global mortality and disability. While reperfusion is essential for preventing neuronal death in the penumbra, it also triggers cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a paradoxical injury primarily caused by oxidative stress, inflammation, and blood–brain barrier disruption. An oxidative burst inflicts marked cellular damage, ranging from alterations in mitochondrial function to lipid peroxidation and the activation of intricate signalling pathways that can even lead to cell death. Thus, given the pivotal role of oxidative stress in the mechanisms of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, the reinforcement of the antioxidant defence system has been proposed as a protective approach. Although this strategy has proven to be successful in experimental models, its translation into clinical practice has yielded inconsistent results. However, it should be considered that the availability of numerous antioxidant molecules with a wide range of chemical properties can affect the extent of injury; several groups of antioxidant molecules, including polyphenols, carotenoids, and vitamins, among other antioxidant compounds, can mitigate this damage by intervening in multiple signalling pathways at various stages. Multiple clinical trials have previously been conducted to evaluate these properties using melatonin, acetyl-L-carnitine, chrysanthemum extract, edaravone dexborneol, saffron, coenzyme Q10, and oleoylethanolamide, among other treatments. Therefore, multi-antioxidant therapy emerges as a promising novel therapeutic option due to the potential synergistic effect provided by the simultaneous roles of the individual compounds.

Novel multi-antioxidant approach for ischemic stroke therapy targeting the role of oxidative stress / Briones-Valdivieso, Camilo; Briones, Felipe; Orellana-Urzúa, Sofía; Chichiarelli, Silvia; Saso, Luciano; Rodrigo, Ramón. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 12:3(2024), p. 501. [10.3390/biomedicines12030501]

Novel multi-antioxidant approach for ischemic stroke therapy targeting the role of oxidative stress

Chichiarelli, Silvia
Conceptualization
;
Saso, Luciano
Conceptualization
;
2024

Abstract

Stroke is a major contributor to global mortality and disability. While reperfusion is essential for preventing neuronal death in the penumbra, it also triggers cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a paradoxical injury primarily caused by oxidative stress, inflammation, and blood–brain barrier disruption. An oxidative burst inflicts marked cellular damage, ranging from alterations in mitochondrial function to lipid peroxidation and the activation of intricate signalling pathways that can even lead to cell death. Thus, given the pivotal role of oxidative stress in the mechanisms of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, the reinforcement of the antioxidant defence system has been proposed as a protective approach. Although this strategy has proven to be successful in experimental models, its translation into clinical practice has yielded inconsistent results. However, it should be considered that the availability of numerous antioxidant molecules with a wide range of chemical properties can affect the extent of injury; several groups of antioxidant molecules, including polyphenols, carotenoids, and vitamins, among other antioxidant compounds, can mitigate this damage by intervening in multiple signalling pathways at various stages. Multiple clinical trials have previously been conducted to evaluate these properties using melatonin, acetyl-L-carnitine, chrysanthemum extract, edaravone dexborneol, saffron, coenzyme Q10, and oleoylethanolamide, among other treatments. Therefore, multi-antioxidant therapy emerges as a promising novel therapeutic option due to the potential synergistic effect provided by the simultaneous roles of the individual compounds.
2024
stroke; oxidative stress; antioxidants
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Novel multi-antioxidant approach for ischemic stroke therapy targeting the role of oxidative stress / Briones-Valdivieso, Camilo; Briones, Felipe; Orellana-Urzúa, Sofía; Chichiarelli, Silvia; Saso, Luciano; Rodrigo, Ramón. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 12:3(2024), p. 501. [10.3390/biomedicines12030501]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1702670
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