In recent years, thanks to improved computational power and the availability of big data, AI has become a fundamental tool in basic research and industry. Despite this very rapid development, deep neural networks remain black boxes that are difficult to explain. While a multitude of explainability (xAI) methods have been developed, their effectiveness and usefulness in realistic use cases is understudied. This is a major limitation in the application of these algorithms in sensitive fields such as clinical diagnosis, where the robustness, transparency and reliability of the algorithm are indispensable for its use. In addition, the majority of works have focused on feature attribution (e.g., saliency maps) techniques, neglecting other interesting families of xAI methods such as data influence methods. The aim of this work is to implement, extend and test, for the first time, data influence functions in a challenging clinical problem, namely, the segmentation of tumor brains in Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI). We present a new methodology to calculate an influence score that is generalizable for all semantic segmentation tasks where the different labels are mutually exclusive, which is the standard framework for these tasks.

Tracin in Semantic Segmentation of Tumor Brains in MRI, an Extended Approach / Torda, T.; Gargiulo, S.; Grillo, G.; Ciardiello, A.; Voena, C.; Giagu, S.; Scardapane, S.. - 3578:(2023), pp. 67-82. (Intervento presentato al convegno 2nd AIxIA Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Healthcare, HC@AIxIA 2023 tenutosi a Roma; Italy).

Tracin in Semantic Segmentation of Tumor Brains in MRI, an Extended Approach

Torda T.
;
Gargiulo S.;Ciardiello A.;Voena C.;Giagu S.;Scardapane S.
2023

Abstract

In recent years, thanks to improved computational power and the availability of big data, AI has become a fundamental tool in basic research and industry. Despite this very rapid development, deep neural networks remain black boxes that are difficult to explain. While a multitude of explainability (xAI) methods have been developed, their effectiveness and usefulness in realistic use cases is understudied. This is a major limitation in the application of these algorithms in sensitive fields such as clinical diagnosis, where the robustness, transparency and reliability of the algorithm are indispensable for its use. In addition, the majority of works have focused on feature attribution (e.g., saliency maps) techniques, neglecting other interesting families of xAI methods such as data influence methods. The aim of this work is to implement, extend and test, for the first time, data influence functions in a challenging clinical problem, namely, the segmentation of tumor brains in Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI). We present a new methodology to calculate an influence score that is generalizable for all semantic segmentation tasks where the different labels are mutually exclusive, which is the standard framework for these tasks.
2023
2nd AIxIA Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Healthcare, HC@AIxIA 2023
AI; brain tumors; deep learning; healthcare; xAI
04 Pubblicazione in atti di convegno::04b Atto di convegno in volume
Tracin in Semantic Segmentation of Tumor Brains in MRI, an Extended Approach / Torda, T.; Gargiulo, S.; Grillo, G.; Ciardiello, A.; Voena, C.; Giagu, S.; Scardapane, S.. - 3578:(2023), pp. 67-82. (Intervento presentato al convegno 2nd AIxIA Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Healthcare, HC@AIxIA 2023 tenutosi a Roma; Italy).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1702065
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