Background: Multiple ultrasound-based risk stratification systems (RSSs) for thyroid nodules are used worldwide. Variations in structure, performance, and recommendations are confusing for physicians and patients and complicate management decisions. The goal of this study was to determine the factors that are associated with choice of RSS and barriers to RSS use. These results are intended to inform development of a universal international thyroid ultrasound RSS.Methods: An online survey with questions about usage of RSSs, ultrasound practice and volumes, training, specialty, practice type, and geographic region was made available to members of five professional societies via email. Subgroup analysis was performed to identify the factors that governed use of one or more of five leading RSSs: American Association of Clinical Endocrinology (AACE), American College of Endocrinology (ACE), and Associazione Medici Endocrinologi (AME) Medical Guidelines, American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (ACR TI-RADS), American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines, European Thyroid Association TIRADS (EU-TIRADS), and Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology/Korean Thyroid Association TIRADS (K-TIRADS).Results: There were 875 respondents from 52 countries (response rate not estimated due to overlapping society membership). More than 7 specialties were represented, with most (538; 61.5%) in endocrinology. The choice of RSS was strongly associated with medical specialty and geographic region. Of 692 respondents who indicated that their practice used an RSS, 213 (30.8%) used more than one. The specialties that were more likely to use multiple RSSs were surgery and others (40%), followed by endocrinology (33.0%), and radiology or nuclear medicine (17%) (p < 0.001). Of 271 (31.0%) respondents who indicated that they do not personally use an RSS, the majority (168; 62%) preferred to describe the specific sonographic characteristics/features that they believe are most relevant in a nodule.Conclusions: Almost one third of respondents indicated use of more than one RSS in their practice, potentially leading to confusion, and a similar proportion reported not using an RSS for various reasons. A unified international system that addresses their concerns and simplifies risk classification of thyroid nodules may benefit practitioners and patients. This is particularly important as newer thyroid nodule management options gain acceptance.

An International Survey on Utilization of Five Thyroid Nodule Risk Stratification Systems: A Needs Assessment with Future Implications / Hoang, Jenny K; Asadollahi, Shadi; Durante, Cosimo; Hegedüs, Laszlo; Papini, Enrico; Tessler, Franklin N. - In: THYROID. - ISSN 1557-9077. - 32:6(2022), pp. 675-681. [10.1089/thy.2021.0558]

An International Survey on Utilization of Five Thyroid Nodule Risk Stratification Systems: A Needs Assessment with Future Implications

Durante, Cosimo;
2022

Abstract

Background: Multiple ultrasound-based risk stratification systems (RSSs) for thyroid nodules are used worldwide. Variations in structure, performance, and recommendations are confusing for physicians and patients and complicate management decisions. The goal of this study was to determine the factors that are associated with choice of RSS and barriers to RSS use. These results are intended to inform development of a universal international thyroid ultrasound RSS.Methods: An online survey with questions about usage of RSSs, ultrasound practice and volumes, training, specialty, practice type, and geographic region was made available to members of five professional societies via email. Subgroup analysis was performed to identify the factors that governed use of one or more of five leading RSSs: American Association of Clinical Endocrinology (AACE), American College of Endocrinology (ACE), and Associazione Medici Endocrinologi (AME) Medical Guidelines, American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (ACR TI-RADS), American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines, European Thyroid Association TIRADS (EU-TIRADS), and Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology/Korean Thyroid Association TIRADS (K-TIRADS).Results: There were 875 respondents from 52 countries (response rate not estimated due to overlapping society membership). More than 7 specialties were represented, with most (538; 61.5%) in endocrinology. The choice of RSS was strongly associated with medical specialty and geographic region. Of 692 respondents who indicated that their practice used an RSS, 213 (30.8%) used more than one. The specialties that were more likely to use multiple RSSs were surgery and others (40%), followed by endocrinology (33.0%), and radiology or nuclear medicine (17%) (p < 0.001). Of 271 (31.0%) respondents who indicated that they do not personally use an RSS, the majority (168; 62%) preferred to describe the specific sonographic characteristics/features that they believe are most relevant in a nodule.Conclusions: Almost one third of respondents indicated use of more than one RSS in their practice, potentially leading to confusion, and a similar proportion reported not using an RSS for various reasons. A unified international system that addresses their concerns and simplifies risk classification of thyroid nodules may benefit practitioners and patients. This is particularly important as newer thyroid nodule management options gain acceptance.
2022
risk stratification; thyroid cancer; thyroid nodule; ultrasound
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
An International Survey on Utilization of Five Thyroid Nodule Risk Stratification Systems: A Needs Assessment with Future Implications / Hoang, Jenny K; Asadollahi, Shadi; Durante, Cosimo; Hegedüs, Laszlo; Papini, Enrico; Tessler, Franklin N. - In: THYROID. - ISSN 1557-9077. - 32:6(2022), pp. 675-681. [10.1089/thy.2021.0558]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1699709
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