Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is a frequent complication of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and can affect up to 80% of patients with liver cirrhosis. It is characterized by the lack of obvious clinical signs and the presence of alterations detectable using psychometric or electrophysiological testing focused on attention, working memory, psychomotor speed and visuospatial ability. Ideally, each patient should be tested for this condition because, despite the absence of symptoms, it has severe repercussions on daily life activities. It may be responsible for an inability to drive, sleep disturbances, risk of falls and inability to work. Some studies have highlighted its prognostically unfavorable role on mortality and risk of "overt" HE (OHE). Finally, MHE severely affects the lives of patients and caregivers, altering their quality of life and their socioeconomic status. Several treatments have been proposed for MHE treatment, including non-absorbable disaccharides, poorly absorbable antibiotics, such as rifaximin, probiotics and branched-chain amino acids, with promising results. For this reason, early diagnosis and intervention with appropriate measures is essential, with the aim of improving both performance on psychometric tests, as well as clinical aspects related to this condition.

Minimal hepatic encephalopathy affects daily life of cirrhotic patients: a viewpoint on clinical consequences and therapeutic opportunities / Faccioli, Jessica; Nardelli, Silvia; Gioia, Stefania; Riggio, Oliviero; Ridola, Lorenzo. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:23(2022), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/jcm11237246]

Minimal hepatic encephalopathy affects daily life of cirrhotic patients: a viewpoint on clinical consequences and therapeutic opportunities

Faccioli, Jessica;Nardelli, Silvia;Gioia, Stefania;Riggio, Oliviero;Ridola, Lorenzo
2022

Abstract

Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is a frequent complication of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and can affect up to 80% of patients with liver cirrhosis. It is characterized by the lack of obvious clinical signs and the presence of alterations detectable using psychometric or electrophysiological testing focused on attention, working memory, psychomotor speed and visuospatial ability. Ideally, each patient should be tested for this condition because, despite the absence of symptoms, it has severe repercussions on daily life activities. It may be responsible for an inability to drive, sleep disturbances, risk of falls and inability to work. Some studies have highlighted its prognostically unfavorable role on mortality and risk of "overt" HE (OHE). Finally, MHE severely affects the lives of patients and caregivers, altering their quality of life and their socioeconomic status. Several treatments have been proposed for MHE treatment, including non-absorbable disaccharides, poorly absorbable antibiotics, such as rifaximin, probiotics and branched-chain amino acids, with promising results. For this reason, early diagnosis and intervention with appropriate measures is essential, with the aim of improving both performance on psychometric tests, as well as clinical aspects related to this condition.
2022
cirrhosis; minimal hepatic encephalopathy; non-absorbable disaccharides; quality of life; rifaximin; sleep disorders; therapy
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Minimal hepatic encephalopathy affects daily life of cirrhotic patients: a viewpoint on clinical consequences and therapeutic opportunities / Faccioli, Jessica; Nardelli, Silvia; Gioia, Stefania; Riggio, Oliviero; Ridola, Lorenzo. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:23(2022), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/jcm11237246]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1699179
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