Purpose: To evaluate the impact of high thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels on human granulosa-luteal (hGL) cells. Methods: hGL cells were isolated from follicular aspirates derived from patients undergoing IVF treatment without any thyroid disorder (serum TSH 0.5-2 mU/L). Cells were cultured at 37 °C in DMEM, supplemented with 5% FBS. The cells were treated with 1 nM LH and increasing concentrations of TSH. At the end of culture, conditioned medium and cells were collected to analyze progesterone production, cell viability, and mRNA levels of genes involved in the steroidogenesis process. Human ovarian tissues were analyzed for TSH receptor (TSHR) expression by IHC. Results: The expression of TSHR was detected in human corpus luteum by IHC and in hGL by RT-PCR. In hGL cells, TSH treatment did not modulate progesterone production nor the expression of steroidogenic genes, such as p450scc and HSD3b 1/2. However, TSH induced a dose-dependent increase in cell death. Finally, TSH did not affect LH-induced p450scc and HSD3b1/2 expression while LH partially reverted TSH negative effect on cell death in hGL. Conclusions: Elevated TSH levels in hypothyroid women may be associated with impaired CL functioning and maintenance. These findings open a new line of research for the importance of the treatment of women with thyroid dysfunction that could contribute to the onset of infertility.

Role of thyroid stimulating hormone in the maintenance and functioning of the human corpus luteum / Taggi, M; Capponi, C; Bertani, N; Saturno, G; Innocenti, F; Dovere, L; Fabozzi, S M; Alesiani, O; Arena, V; Cimadomo, D; Mazzilli, R; Rienzi, L; Ubaldi, F M; Canipari, R; Vicini, E; Apa, R. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 1720-8386. - (2024), pp. 1-14. [10.1007/s40618-023-02269-z]

Role of thyroid stimulating hormone in the maintenance and functioning of the human corpus luteum

Vicini, E
;
2024

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of high thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels on human granulosa-luteal (hGL) cells. Methods: hGL cells were isolated from follicular aspirates derived from patients undergoing IVF treatment without any thyroid disorder (serum TSH 0.5-2 mU/L). Cells were cultured at 37 °C in DMEM, supplemented with 5% FBS. The cells were treated with 1 nM LH and increasing concentrations of TSH. At the end of culture, conditioned medium and cells were collected to analyze progesterone production, cell viability, and mRNA levels of genes involved in the steroidogenesis process. Human ovarian tissues were analyzed for TSH receptor (TSHR) expression by IHC. Results: The expression of TSHR was detected in human corpus luteum by IHC and in hGL by RT-PCR. In hGL cells, TSH treatment did not modulate progesterone production nor the expression of steroidogenic genes, such as p450scc and HSD3b 1/2. However, TSH induced a dose-dependent increase in cell death. Finally, TSH did not affect LH-induced p450scc and HSD3b1/2 expression while LH partially reverted TSH negative effect on cell death in hGL. Conclusions: Elevated TSH levels in hypothyroid women may be associated with impaired CL functioning and maintenance. These findings open a new line of research for the importance of the treatment of women with thyroid dysfunction that could contribute to the onset of infertility.
2024
Granulosa luteal cells; Human ovary; Progesterone; TSH
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Role of thyroid stimulating hormone in the maintenance and functioning of the human corpus luteum / Taggi, M; Capponi, C; Bertani, N; Saturno, G; Innocenti, F; Dovere, L; Fabozzi, S M; Alesiani, O; Arena, V; Cimadomo, D; Mazzilli, R; Rienzi, L; Ubaldi, F M; Canipari, R; Vicini, E; Apa, R. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 1720-8386. - (2024), pp. 1-14. [10.1007/s40618-023-02269-z]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1699086
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