background Thepurposeofthisstudywastoevaluate the effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients with isolated M2 occlusion and minor symptoms and identify possible baseline predictors of clinical outcome. Methods Thedatabasesof16high-volumestrokecenters were retrospectively screened for consecutive patients with isolated M2 occlusion and a baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≤5 who received either early MT (eMT) or best medical management (BMM) with the possibility of rescue MT (rMT) on early neurological worsening. Because our patients were not randomized, we used propensity score matching (PSM) to estimate the treatment effect of eMT compared with the BMM/rMT. The primary clinical outcome measure was a 90-day modified Rankin Scale score of 0–1. results 388patientswereinitiallyselectedand,after PSM, 100 pairs of patients receiving eMT or BMM/ rMT were available for analysis. We found no significant differences in clinical outcome and in safety measures between patients receiving eMT or BMM/rMT. Similar results were also observed after comparison between eMT and rMT. Concerning baseline predicting factors of outcome, the involvement of the M2 inferior branch was associated with a favorable outcome. Conclusion Ourmulticenterretrospectiveanalysishas shown no benefit of eMT in minor stroke patients with isolated M2 occlusion over a more conservative therapeutic approach. Although our results must be viewed with caution, in these patients it appears reasonable to consider BMM as the first option and rMT in the presence of early neurological deterioration.

Mechanical thrombectomy in minor stroke due to isolated M2 occlusion: a multicenter retrospective matched analysis / M Alexandre, Andrea; Colò, Francesca; Brunetti, Valerio; Valente, Iacopo; Frisullo, Giovanni; Pedicelli, Alessandro; Scarcia, Luca; Rollo, Claudia; Falcou, Anne; Milonia, Luca; Andrighetti, Marco; Piano, Mariangela; Macera, Antonio; Commodaro, Christian; Ruggiero, Maria; Da Ros, Valerio; Bellini, Luigi; A Lazzarotti, Guido; Cosottini, Mirco; A Caragliano, Armando; L Vinci, Sergio; D Gabrieli, Joseph; Causin, Francesco; Panni, Pietro; Roveri, Luisa; Limbucci, Nicola; Arba, Francesco; Pileggi, Marco; Bianco, Giovanni; G Romano, Daniele; Diana, Francesco; Semeraro, Vittorio; Burdi, Nicola; P Ganimede, Maria; Lozupone, Emilio; Fasano, Antonio; Lafe, Elvis; Cavallini, Anna; Russo, Riccardo; Bergui, Mauro; Calabresi, Paolo; Della Marca, Giacomo; Broccolini, Aldobrando. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROINTERVENTIONAL SURGERY. - ISSN 1759-8478. - (2023). [10.1136/jnis-2022-019557]

Mechanical thrombectomy in minor stroke due to isolated M2 occlusion: a multicenter retrospective matched analysis

Anne Falcou;Luca Milonia;Marco Andrighetti;Antonio Macera;Luigi Bellini;Mirco Cosottini;Vittorio Semeraro;Anna Cavallini;
2023

Abstract

background Thepurposeofthisstudywastoevaluate the effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients with isolated M2 occlusion and minor symptoms and identify possible baseline predictors of clinical outcome. Methods Thedatabasesof16high-volumestrokecenters were retrospectively screened for consecutive patients with isolated M2 occlusion and a baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≤5 who received either early MT (eMT) or best medical management (BMM) with the possibility of rescue MT (rMT) on early neurological worsening. Because our patients were not randomized, we used propensity score matching (PSM) to estimate the treatment effect of eMT compared with the BMM/rMT. The primary clinical outcome measure was a 90-day modified Rankin Scale score of 0–1. results 388patientswereinitiallyselectedand,after PSM, 100 pairs of patients receiving eMT or BMM/ rMT were available for analysis. We found no significant differences in clinical outcome and in safety measures between patients receiving eMT or BMM/rMT. Similar results were also observed after comparison between eMT and rMT. Concerning baseline predicting factors of outcome, the involvement of the M2 inferior branch was associated with a favorable outcome. Conclusion Ourmulticenterretrospectiveanalysishas shown no benefit of eMT in minor stroke patients with isolated M2 occlusion over a more conservative therapeutic approach. Although our results must be viewed with caution, in these patients it appears reasonable to consider BMM as the first option and rMT in the presence of early neurological deterioration.
2023
Mechanical thrombectomy; minor stroke; multicenter analysis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Mechanical thrombectomy in minor stroke due to isolated M2 occlusion: a multicenter retrospective matched analysis / M Alexandre, Andrea; Colò, Francesca; Brunetti, Valerio; Valente, Iacopo; Frisullo, Giovanni; Pedicelli, Alessandro; Scarcia, Luca; Rollo, Claudia; Falcou, Anne; Milonia, Luca; Andrighetti, Marco; Piano, Mariangela; Macera, Antonio; Commodaro, Christian; Ruggiero, Maria; Da Ros, Valerio; Bellini, Luigi; A Lazzarotti, Guido; Cosottini, Mirco; A Caragliano, Armando; L Vinci, Sergio; D Gabrieli, Joseph; Causin, Francesco; Panni, Pietro; Roveri, Luisa; Limbucci, Nicola; Arba, Francesco; Pileggi, Marco; Bianco, Giovanni; G Romano, Daniele; Diana, Francesco; Semeraro, Vittorio; Burdi, Nicola; P Ganimede, Maria; Lozupone, Emilio; Fasano, Antonio; Lafe, Elvis; Cavallini, Anna; Russo, Riccardo; Bergui, Mauro; Calabresi, Paolo; Della Marca, Giacomo; Broccolini, Aldobrando. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROINTERVENTIONAL SURGERY. - ISSN 1759-8478. - (2023). [10.1136/jnis-2022-019557]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1698915
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